Now that Genghis Khan had died, his third son, Ogedei, was made Khan. Ogedei Khan, seeing that the Mongols had stopped warfare with the Jin, resumed the war. He personally led his troops into battle. Many battles were won due to his excellent leadership. Later in the war his general, Subatai, defeated the capitol city of the Jin and soon thereafter, the Jin Dynasty collapsed. The Mongols were now in control of Northern China.
Ogedei Khan also ordered one of his generals to attack Persia and the remaining Khwarizmian Kingdom. The Mongols were successful and took control of Persia and Central Asia and now had complete control of the trade routes between China, Europe and the Middle East. This was known as the Pax …show more content…
After his death many family members stepped up to claim the throne. Ogedei’s son, Guyuk, took the throne for a while. Then Ogedei’s nephew, Mongke, seized the throne. Finally, the brother of Mongke, the nephew of Ogedei, and the grandson of Genghis Khan, came to claim the throne.
Kublai was most liked by the people and after others in the family died or were unable to claim the throne, they elected Kublai as Khan.
The first thing that Kublai Khan did was to try to unify China. There had been many different kingdoms inside China. The Jin Dynasty, the Han Dynasty, and the Song Dynasty which had all owned a piece of China before the Mongols invaded. When the Mongols had conquered each of the dynasties, many Chinese were not happy to have to be ruled by nomads from the north. Each people group in China were unhappy having to be unified with the other dynasties of China.
So, Kublai Khan decided to unify the many groups by making a Chinese government with many Chinese officials in the court. This new Chinese government was called the Yuan Dynasty. Now the Chinese people had a Chinese dynasty that they could call themselves a part of. They also had Chinese officials in the Yuan court who could stand up for the Chinese