Essay A Study Survey On Child Mortality

1022 Words Sep 15th, 2014 5 Pages
With a significant number of individuals in Ethiopia and other developing countries being largely dependent on agricultural produce as a main source of income, uninsured weather shocks and changes in commodity prices can have significant and adverse impacts on consumption levels. This volatility creates significant uncertainty and consequentially reduces overall welfare. Furthermore, these individuals are typically unable to effectively smooth their income when shocks do occur, due to the lack of available credit which is often required to compensate for low savings. When these negative shocks are experienced, reduction in consumption can often lead to severe negative effects on general health and increases trends in children being removed from education and moved into employment in order to support households (Janvry, Dequiedt, & Sadoulet, 2013).
In a study conducted on child mortality, Rose (1999) finds that prolonged periods of heavy rainfall are associated with significant rises in child mortality rates for households with no land. However, those with significant land holdings are less affected by these adverse rainfall shocks. One can infer from this observation that when there are low crop yields farmers will typically consume produce rather than trade, thus reducing the amount of food available on the market. Furthermore, Czukas, Fafchamps and Udry (1998) state that droughts which affect households’ ability to obtain income from agricultural production subsequently…

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