A Study On Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Essay

976 Words Nov 29th, 2016 4 Pages
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans. The lack of insulin in individuals with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus leads to abnormally high blood sugar levels because insulin regulates how much glucose is passed from the blood into the cells for storage or conversion to energy. Those with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus most often take injections of synthetic insulin to control the amount of sugar in the blood. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus also occurs in association with other endocrine disorders (thyroid and adrenal glands) or non-endocrine autoimmune disorders, such as gastric and intestine mucosa.
Seizures associated with blood glucose levels and other forms of epilepsy have recently been found at a higher incidence in individuals with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in comparison to the general population. Epilepsy as a condition is a chronic, neurological disorder marked by recurrent, unprovoked seizures. Causes of epilepsy vary from individual to individuals, but are thought to be of genetic, environmental, metabolic, autoimmune, unknown, or some combination of causes.
Diabetes and seizure have a multifaceted relationship. Diabetes is often associated with abnormal magnesium levels, calcium levels, and nonketotic hyperglycemia, all of which may result in seizures. Microvascular damage, local brain damage, immune abnormaltities, metabolic factors, and gene mutation are other…

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