A Sociological Perspective On Life Chances Essay

1095 Words Oct 18th, 2016 5 Pages
From a sociological perspective, life chances are the opportunities each individual potentially has to improve his or her life. Life chances affect the available resources in a person’s life which dictate whether his or her life will remain the same or improve, both economically and socially. Life chances are essentially shaped by our socioeconomic status. Belonging to a certain social class makes it predictable to determine an individual’s quality of education, work, and family. While many individuals in our society conceive that if they work hard enough, they will attain success in whatever they set out to do, contrary evidence shows that our social position in many ways is a result of our family’s social status and impacts the level of success one can receive. In addition to our family’s social status, the inequalities that different races and genders face, consequently impacts an individual’s ability to improve his or her life.
Postmodernism is a sociological theory studied by sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, which states that social class is passed down from one generation to the next and thus remains relatively stable. According to Bourdieu, this happens as a result of each generation’s acquisition. Cultural capital which is when children inherit tastes, habits, and expectations from their parents. Cultural capital can either help or hinder them as they become adults. An individual’s family is the first and primary social group a person is exposed to. Depending on the…

Related Documents