Essay on A Social Model Of Health

1419 Words Aug 27th, 2015 6 Pages
Many different models of health exist, generally, falling into two categories: a biomedical and a social model. Both of these models are important in health systems over the last 150 years, although recently there has been a stronger emphasizes on social models. Primarily, social models are used in health systems as it expands on generalised medicine seen in the western world. This model is central to explaining how age, income, environmental conditions and housing play an important role in the rates of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in New Zeeland. The effect of implementing a social model of health in New Zealand shows in current rates of acute rheumatic fever.
Wade and Halligan’s (2004), report on biomedical models state that biological factors are the sole cause of a disease and all symptoms have arisen from an abnormality within the body. This model has only recently added lifestyle choices as a biological factor to a disease. It further assumes that the removed/fixed abnormality will diminish all symptoms and the body will resume to normal function. It additionally lists the limitations of biomedical models as being: that health is solely the absence of disease and therefore no other factors are relevant to health and that mental illnesses are not considered symptoms nor are directly related to a disease. In contrast to biomedical models, Brown (2005), explains how social factors, along with biological factors greatly influence health as seen in…

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