A Short Note On Diabetes And Diabetes Mellitus

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Diabetes Mellitus has been defined by Brunner 's &b Suddarth 's Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing as a chronic illness that requires a lifetime of special self-management behaviors. (Brunner, Suddarth, Smeltzer & Bare, 2004) Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism, it occurs due to a discrepancy in the amount of insulin required by the body and the availability of insulin. (Sommers, Johnson & Beery, 2007)

Diabetes Mellitus has many types and can be classified according to the cause, clinical course it takes and the treatment used. The major types of diabetes include Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes Mellitus associated with other conditions or syndromes. (Brunner, Suddarth, Smeltzer & Bare, 2004) Type 1 Diabetes was previously referred to as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. (Brunner, Suddarth, Smeltzer & Bare, 2004)Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus occurs when the pancreatic beta cells which are responsible for the production of insulin are destroyed by an autoimmune process. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus can be further subdivided into type 1A and type 1B; Type 1A is immune-mediated, whereas type 1B is idiopathic (non-Immune-related diabetes). (Porth and Porth, 2011) It is believed that in Type1 (A) Diabetes combined genetic, immunologic and perhaps environmental triggers such as Viral contribute to beta cell destruction. Type 1A Diabetes is not inherited, it is a

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