Essay on A Short Note On Depression And The World Health Organization

1329 Words Dec 29th, 2016 6 Pages
Samantha Hogue
PSYC-FP3002
Causes of Depression
Capella University
December, 2016

Depression
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines depression as a common mental disorder characterized by depressed mood, anhedonia, low energy, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, and poor concentration. (Elder and Mosak, 2011, p.193a) Major Depressive Disorder is the diagnostic term for depression when it becomes a chronic problem. Everybody will experience some sort of depression in their lifetime. Most however, is situational and will only be acute. (meaning short term) Depression is one of the most common diseases globally and even as much as 6% of the world’s population could be diagnosed with major depressive disorder at a specific point in time because of meeting the criteria for it. (Pennix et all, 2013, p.1a) This topic is still widely studied as many different variations and theories exist about the causes and best ways to treat it. There are two main argument theories about the causes of depression. They are the biological perspective and the cognitive-behavioral perspective. The biological perspective believes more in genetic, chemical causes of depression, while the cognitive-behavioral perspective believes more in the environmental causes of depression. They do, however, both accept that factors from both sides do have responsibilities for causing depression in different cases.

The Biological Causes of Depression…

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