A Separate Juvenile Justice System Essay

1078 Words 5 Pages
A separate juvenile justice system was established in the United States with the goal of diverting youthful offenders from the destructive punishments of criminal courts and encouraging rehabilitation. More than 1 million American youth end up in juvenile court every year, and 160,000 of them are referred to residential placement (DeAngelis, 2011). Research shows that settings likes these (e.g. residential placement, detention centers, correctional institutions) produce higher rates of recidivism. However, an understanding of psychological explanation and perspectives have led to the growth of various training and counseling programs (Whitehead & Lab, 2013). Among treatment programs there exists two broad approaches–family and individual therapy. Research has shown that both family therapy and individual therapy have helped in reducing juvenile recidivism rates. So when asking the question–do juveniles who experience family based therapy display less recidivism rates than juveniles who experience individual therapy–we are left to conclude that both are equally significant in reducing recidivism. The family unit is seen as a key factor in the social development of children, adolescents, and young adults. Research has found that family functioning provides impact on family and school bonding, conduct disorder, choice in peers, and subsequent delinquency. Family dysfunction influences future delinquent and antisocial behavior. This dysfunction provides children with models…

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