A Research Paper About Human Immunodeficiency Virus

6610 Words Sep 16th, 2012 27 Pages
A Research about Human Immunodefiency Virus

I. HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus responsible for gradually destroying the human immune system, and subjecting it to various invincible opportunistic infections. It is the most complex virus ever encountered by mankind. Many of its mysteries have been unleashed through persistent research and studies. While many, are yet to be revealed.

II. There are a lot of things to know about this virus.

A. History of HIV

The human immunodefiency virus (HIV) descended from the related simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), which infects apes and monkeys in Africa. Scientists had identified a type of chimpanzee in West-Central Africa as the source of the virus
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However, he had been diagnosed as HIV positive during 1987.
One of the first high profile heterosexual victims of the virus was Arthur Ashe, an American tennis player. He was diagnosed as HIV positive on August 31, 1988, having contracted the virus from blood transfusions during heart surgery earlier in the 1980s. Further tests within 24 hours of the initial diagnosis revealed that Ashe had AIDS, but he did not tell the public about his diagnosis until April 1992. He died at the age of 49 on February 6, 1993. In the same year, AZT was shown to be of no benefit to those in the early stages of HIV infection.
The following year, AZT was shown to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. As a result, the infant HIV infections began to fall in developed countries. In 1995, the Joint United Nations Program on AIDS or UNAIDS, was established.
Combination antiretroviral treatment was shown to be highly effective against HIV in 1996. The next year, HIV/AIDS deaths began to decline in developed countries due to the new drugs. Brazil was the first developing country to begin providing free combination treatment.
In 2002, the Global Fund was established to boost the response to HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. In the following year, the “3 by 5” campaign was launched to widen access to HIV/AIDS treatment. The first HIV vaccine candidate to undergo a major trial was found to be ineffective. In 2004, America

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