A Report On Union Carbide Corporation Essay

1373 Words Nov 24th, 2015 null Page
To start off in the 1970s, the Indian government initiated policies to encourage foreign companies to invest in local industries. Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) was asked to build a plant for the manufacture of Sevin, a pesticide commonly used throughout Asia [2]. Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) built the plant in Bhopal because of its central location and access to transport infrastructure. The specific site within the city was zoned for light industrial and commercial use, not for hazardous industry [7]. The plant was initially approved only for formulation of pesticides from component chemicals, such as Methyl Isocyanate (MIC), imported from the parent company in relatively small quantities. However, pressure from competition in the chemical industry lead UCIL to implement “backward integration”—the manufacture of raw materials and intermediate products for formulation of the final product within one facility [1]. On the night of December 2nd, 1984, an accident at the Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, released at least 30 tons of a highly toxic gas called methyl isocyanate, as well as a number of other poisonous gases. The plant was surrounded by small towns, leading to more than 600,000 people being exposed to the deadly gas cloud that night [3]. The gases stayed low to the ground, causing victims throats and eyes to burn, inducing nausea, and many deaths. As per many sources, around 3800 people dead that night, but as the years went by an estimate of…

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