A Report On The Aids Epidemic Essay

1635 Words Feb 19th, 2016 7 Pages
” On June 5, [1981], the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publish a Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), describing cases of a rare lung infection, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), in five young, previously healthy, gay men in Los Angeles. All the men have other unusual infections as well, indicating that their immune systems are not working; two have already died by the time the report is published. This edition of the MMWR marks the first official reporting of what will become known as the AIDS epidemic.” – a statement from timeline of AIDS by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. The question then comes to people’s minds to ask, what is AIDS? Looking at a medical perspective, you need to know what HIV is first. HIV stands for the human immunodeficiency virus. It can lead to the disease AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) which is the final stage of the HIV infection. Unlike some other viruses, the human body can’t get rid of HIV. Once someone acquires HIV, they have it for life, and there is no known cure for the disease. HIV attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the T Cells, which help the immune system fight off infections. If left untreated, HIV reduces the number of T cells in the body, making the person more vulnerable to get critical infections or infection-related cancers. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. These opportunistic…

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