A Philip Randolph Essay

1691 Words Apr 11th, 2016 7 Pages
A. Philip Randolph
Daneka Ruiz

Born on April 15, 1889 in Crescent City, Florida, Reverend James W. and Elizabeth Randolph gave birth to their second son, Asa Philip Randolph. James worked as a tailor and minister, while Elizabeth worked as a seamstress. Both of his parents were supporters of equality for African Americans as well as general human rights. Being black during that era meant having to live through difficult circumstances while striving to survive. Through the guidance and nurture from his parents, Asa inherited his compassion and drive towards racial inequality. In 1891, the Randolph’s moved to Jacksonville, Florida, which had a positive, and well-established African American community.

Asa and his brother were
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The words in his book really spoke to Asa, and he knew that in order to follow him he’d have to leave Jacksonville and move to New York. In 1911, he and his friend Beaman Herman moved to Harlem where Asa enrolled in City College of New York.

Between 1914 and 1963, Asa Philip Randolph became a labor leader and social activist while accomplishing many things. While working for the Brotherhood of Labor, he married Lucille Green, a woman six years older than him. In 1916 he joined the Socialist Party with Chandler Owen and together published a magazine, the Messenger. Both men were arrested for sedition, and the Attorney General labeled their work as “the most dangerous of all Negro publications.” The magazine stopped running in 1928. Asa helped establish the BSCP, which joined the American Federation of Labor. Randolph then became president of the National Negro Congress only to resign by 1940. A year later he called for a March on Washington, which did not happen, but resulted in President Roosevelt issuing Executive Order 8802 and the formation of the FEPC. Randolph went on to accomplish many other honorable things like help stage the Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom, organize the Youth March for Integrated Schools, and assume presidency of the Negro American Labor Council, which led him to his biggest feat, the March on Washington for Jobs

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