Essay on A Foreign Policy Problem For Nepal

1133 Words Oct 18th, 2015 null Page
After defeating the incumbent prime minister, KP Oli is in the process of forming a new government in Nepal. He faces daunting challenges -- both old and new -- in the days ahead.

Let us start with the old challenges. National interest drives the foreign policy of each country. Both India and China prefer a seamlessly friendly government in Nepal, which is not possible given the strategic contest and territorial conflict between its neighbors.

This creates an irreconcilable foreign policy problem for Nepal. This problem is as old as the unified Nepal. King Prithivi Narayan Shah understood this conflict of interests between the two neighbors, characterized his newly unified kingdom as a yam between two large boulders, and counselled his courtiers to keep both neighbors at arm 's length.

Over time, Nepali rulers forgot the unifier 's counsel. Nepal fought two wars with Tibet-China and two with British India.

Following the loss of the second war with the southern neighbor, Nepal ceded one-third of its territory, most of its fertile plains, and much of its sovereign freedom to it. Jang Bahadur Rana restored some of the lost land by helping the British quell the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, but the rest of the land and much of sovereignty were lost.

China did not pay much attention to Nepal until in grew economically and strategically into a global power. But since the turn of the new century, Beijing has begun to take interest in Nepali politics, complicating Nepal 's…

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