A Disease Or A Choice Essay

792 Words Jul 4th, 2016 4 Pages
A disease or a choice

According to Webster’s dictionary addiction is a compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance (as heroin, nicotine, or alcohol) characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal. Addiction has been a topic that has been debated for quite some time. It has been debated whether it is a brain disease or if it is a choice that of the user to continue using the drug and can stop whenever they feel like it. With both sides there is a good argument defending the topic. Addiction occurs biologically due to repeated use of the drug or performing a certain action, which cause the pleasure sensors in the brain to become dependent on the drug or action.
“Genetic factors account for roughly 50% of this individual variability in addiction vulnerability, and this degree of heritability holds true for all major classes of addictive drugs, including stimulants, opiates, alcohol, nicotine, and cannabinoids. It has not yet been possible to identify most of the genes that comprise this genetic risk, likely due to the involvement of perhaps hundreds of genetic variations summating in a single individual to confer addiction”(Nestler 2013) .
Some people are able to take these drug recreationally without the becoming addicted, while others are easier to become addicted because of their genes. So if it was a choice it wouldn’t matter if you could be easier to be addicted to something. With that thinking you would be able to…

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