A Closer Look At World Maps Essays

1217 Words Dec 8th, 2016 5 Pages
A closer look at world maps depicts 193 sovereign states with disputed, but relatively stable borders (Florea, 2014). However, there exist more than 20 political units which are without international recognition. Moreover, they were not accepted to United Nations. Such units are academically known as pseudo-states, de facto states or quasi-states (O´Loughlin et al., 2011). “Conceptually, de facto states are separatist entities that exercise a monopoly over the use of violence in a given territory” (Florea, 2014, p. 791). Generally, the de facto state is defined as a polity which is a part of acknowledged country but is not its colony. They pursue some extent of partition from that given country and have proclaimed independence, or at least they showed a degree of desire for achieving independence, usually through a referendum or a declaration of sovereignty (Florea, 2014). De facto states have their own army that controls areas occupied by their inhabitants. These political units carry out necessary governmental functions. The political units are considered to be de facto states when they exist for at least a period of 24 months (Florea, 2014). The main aim of this essay is to present five Eurasian de facto states of South Ossetia, Abkhazia, Transnistria, People´s Republics of Donetsk and Luhansk, in relation to Russian geopolitical interests. The essay tries to find the reasons why these could pose a threat to Moscow. After the disintegration of the Union of Soviet…

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