Essay about A Child 's Acquisition Of Skills

1696 Words Nov 16th, 2016 7 Pages
A child 's acquisition of skills in early childhood is significantly impeded by a low-income socioeconomic environment in which a child is raised in and more specifically the parenting that a child in a low-income home receives. Parents in poverty stricken homes are less likely to provide supplemental education, such as reading to their children or helping with homework, which has a lasting effect on the child. In "Whatever It Takes" Paul Tough describes two studies that highlighted this issue. Betty Hart and Todd Risley conducted a study which concluded that by the age of 3 children in welfare homes have heard 10 million words as compared to their average-income counterpart who have heard 30 million (Tough 42). They also found that children in low-income homes hear approximately 200,000 discouragements – "prohibitions and words of disapproval" – as compared to children in average income households who hear around 80,000 (Tough 42). These differences have a negative impact on a child 's IQ later in life and can cause a setback in their learning.
The combination of few discouragements and the abundance of words that children in average income households are introduced to have a lasting impact on the child. When that child enters school they are already equipped with a more extensive and rich vocabulary than their low-income peers. Findings from these studies provide compelling evidence that family income, specifically the effects that low-income parents have on their…

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