A Carbon Footprint Based Reverse Logistics Network Design Model
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Resources, Conservation and Recycling journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/resconrec
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A carbon footprint based reverse logistics network design model
Devika Kannan a,∗ , Ali Diabat b , Mahmoud Alrefaei c , Kannan Govindan d , Geng Yong e,∗ a Indian Institute of Industrial Engineering, Navi Mumbai, India
Engineering Systems and Management, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates c Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Jordan University of Science and technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan d Department of Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark, …show more content…
Because public awareness of climate change has grown in recent years, so have the expectations for business and industry to have proactive policies and action plans in place. Even those businesses that have been acknowledged as environmental leaders are ﬁnding that yesterday’s actions are no longer sufﬁcient (Higgs et al.,
2009). Take-back and recovery obligations have been enacted or are underway for a number of product categories including electronic equipment in the European Union and in Japan, cars in the European Union and in Taiwan, and packaging material in Germany. At the same time, companies are recognizing opportunities for combining environmental stewardship with plain ﬁnancial beneﬁts, brought about by production cost savings and access to new market segments (Fleischmann, 2000). For a more detailed discussion
∗ Corresponding authors.
E-mail addresses: email@example.com (D. Kannan), firstname.lastname@example.org (G. Yong).
0921-3449/$ – see front matter © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2012.03.005 of the reasons why companies engage in reverse logistics, which