A Brief Note On The Primary Operations Taking Place Inside One Garment

1216 Words Oct 20th, 2015 5 Pages

The primary operations taking place inside one garment unit in Delhi can be cutting, stitching, thread cutting, ironing, checking and packing. Other processing activities are printing and washing, generally done by specialised agents. Subcontracting is adopted to increase actual tailoring capacity, or to for different processing or ancillary activities like embroidary. The labour process is as fragmented as the production cycle, responding to specific requirements of cost minimisation. Up until the 1970s, tailoring activities mainly went to the traditional tailoring caste in northern India known as ‘darzis’. However, the export boom loosened the caste nexus by increasing the need for new reservoirs of labour that was then found in a migratory labour force from U.P. and Biahar. Presently, around 90 per cent of the factory workers are male migrants from these two of the poorest states of the country (Mezzadri, 2008). They are mainly temporary and casual workers, employed on a daily basis or for a short time period. The combined effect of subcontracting and the use of a migratory workforce inside the garment units allow the Delhi garment industry to keep the labour force flexible. This flexibility is partially for the need of big corporations to share risks rising from ever increasing global competition but it is also the result of the social embeddedness of production, whereby local exporters deal with the problem of integration into the global economy with…

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