A Brief Note On Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Essay

2058 Words Apr 19th, 2015 null Page
Introduction The most common cause of death in infants up to a year old is sudden infant death syndrome (Meadows-Oliver & Hendrie, 2013). Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexpected death of an infant from one month to twelve months of age that cannot be explained even after a thorough investigation (Schnitzer, Covington & Dykstra, 2012). Although the death cannot always be explained, most SIDS cases are believed to be a result of accidental suffocation. Common causes include inappropriate sleep position, bed sharing, and having extra blankets or soft bedding in the bassinet (Schnitzer et al., 2012). In 2001, it was reported that there were “56 deaths per 100,000 live births” that were classified as SIDS (American Academy of Pediatrics [AAP], 2011, p. 1342). Ninety percent of cases related to SIDS happen within the first six months of an infant’s life (AAP, 2011). Improper and unsafe sleeping techniques are a common cause of sudden infant death syndrome in children up to twelve months of age. Nurses can help reduce the occurrence of SIDS by assisting parents and families to create a safe sleep environment for their infant.
Safe Sleep Guidelines In 1994, the “Back to Sleep” campaign was created by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to try and reduce the risk of SIDS (Meadows-Oliver & Hendrie, 2013). Due to the guidelines, from 1992 to 2001 the rate of SIDS deaths declined by 53% (AAP, 2011). In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics…

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