A Brief Note On Stagnant Versus Mobile Warfare During The World Wars
Stagnant Versus Mobile Warfare in the World Wars
There are vast differences between World War I and World War II due to technological advances, tactics, and mobility. While WWI took place mainly in Europe, with both sides dug deep into stagnant trenches, WWII took over Europe and the Pacific with fast moving amphibious and airborne operations. The most dramatic change between WWI and WWII was the change from static, trench warfare, to mobile warfare due to the new technology and cutting-edge tactics.
Trench warfare is defined as, “warfare in which opposing armed forces attack, counterattack, and defend from relatively permanent systems of trenches dug into the ground” (“Trench Warfare,” n.d.).Trench warfare came about when troops on the Western Front began to dig foxholes for protection, but soon became permanent when they were deepened and connected to extend for miles. Soldiers sought protection in these trenches from the new technology of machine guns and the rapid firing artillery piece (“Trench Warfare,” n.d.).The protection found in the ground led to entire communities dug within the trenches. The network of trenches came to include systems of delivering food, ammunition, fresh troops, mail, and orders, along with command posts, forward supply dumps, first-aid stations, kitchens, and latrines. While the trenches provided a place for protection, they turned WWI into a war of continuous stalemates with a lack of movement (“Trench Warfare,” n.d.).