A Brief Note On American Airlines Flight 1420 Essay

1278 Words Sep 11th, 2016 6 Pages
On June 1st, 1999, American Airlines Flight 1420 crashed after it overran the end of runway 4R during landing at Little Rock National Airport in Little Rock, Arkansas (NTSB, 2001). Flight 1420 was a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 which had departed from Dallas/Fort Worth International for its final leg of a 3-day sequence. Upon landing at Little Rock National the aircraft overshot the runway, hitting portions of the Instrument Landing System (ILS), passing through the chain link fence and finally came to a rest in a flood plain which was 15 feet below runway elevation. The captain and 10 passengers were killed; the first officer, the flight attendants, and 105 passengers received serious or minor injuries; and 24 passengers were not injured (NTSB, 2001).
The NTSB had determined the probable cause was the flight crew’s failure to discontinue the approach under the given circumstances and the human factors contributing to the accident were the crew’s situational stress and also fatigue. Using the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) and analysis of these human factors will be made to determine how these factors had affected the flight crew during the approach to landing.
The HFACS is a human error framework used to investigate and analyze aviation accidents. This model is heavily based on the Swiss Cheese model by James Reason. The HFACS goal is to understand the underlying casual factors that lead to an accident (Wiegmann & Shappell, 2003). The HFCS model has…

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