4ps-Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program Essay

3479 Words Apr 7th, 2015 14 Pages
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Poverty is one of the biggest problems in the Philippines and remains a big challenge to it. According to National Statistical Coordination Board Secretary General Jose Ramon G. Albert, the poverty incidence among population was estimated at 27.9 percent during the first semester of 2012, (NSCB 2012). Comparing this with the 2006 and 2009 first semester figures estimated at 28.8 percent and 28.6 percent, respectively, poverty remained unchanged as the computed differences are not statistically significant. Latest official poverty thresholds show that poverty on Filipino family of five needed Php 5,458 to meet basic food needs every month and Php 7,821 to stay above the poverty threshold (basic food and
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CCTs thus offer a two-pronged approach to combating poverty, through cash as well as by building-up human capital through improved health and education. Thereby they help to break the transmission of poverty from one generation to the next. The program is offered to households with young children only, or those that have no regular income.
The beneficiaries of this program are those poor people who can follow the behavioral conditions in order for them to enjoy the different benefits and at the same to comply with the existing rules created by the government.
In other countries, CCTs were launched to assist the very poorest who were falling through an existing safety net, with the aim of integrating them into a national social protection system and to alleviate the poverty in the country. According to LaVonda Harrington in his thesis entitled “PROGRESA/Oportunidades Mexico‘s Conditional Cash Transfer Program: Promises, Predictions and Realities”, Mexico‘s conditional cash transfer program, PROGRESA/Oportunidades, is the second largest CCT in the world. It began in 1997 with a modest 300,000 families in 320 rural villages. In 2011 the program serves 6.5 million families or 34 million individuals, a full third of the Mexican population and includes families living in both rural and urban localities. PROGRESA/Oportunidades has been evaluated nationally as well as internationally and is upheld

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