4 Objectives Of A Speech

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Register to read the introduction… Four devices for creating rhythm are parallelism, repetition, alliteration, and antithesis. Parallelism is the similar arrangement of a pair or series of related words, phrases, or sentences. Repetition is the use of the same word or set of words at the beginning or end of successive clauses or sentences. Alliteration is the repetition of the initial consonant sounds of close or adjoining words. Antithesis is the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, usually in parallel structure.
5. Why public speakers need to use inclusive language and identify five ways they can do so.

Although the subject of inclusive language is complex and controversial, a number of inclusive usages have become so widely accepted that no aspiring speaker can afford to ignore them. They include avoiding the generic "he," dropping the use of "man" when referring to both men and women, refraining from stereotyping jobs and social roles by gender, avoiding identifying personal traits that are unrelated to the topic, and using names that groups use to identify themselves.

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Volume is the relative loudness of our voice, and pitch is the relative highness or lowness. Rate refers to the speed at which we talk. Pauses, when carefully timed, can add great impact to our speech, but we should avoid vocalized pauses ("er," "um," and the like). Vocal variety refers to changes in volume, pitch, rate, and pauses, and is crucial to making our voice lively and animated. Most of us speak casually in everyday conversation, but for public speaking we should be sure to pronounce words correctly and to articulate them distinctly. We should also avoid heavy use of dialect in situations where the audience does not share the dialect or will find it inappropriate to the …show more content…
Most obvious is the object about which we are speaking, or a model of it. Diagrams, sketches, and other kinds of drawings are valuable because we can design them to illustrate our points exactly. Graphs are an excellent way to illustrate any subject dealing with numbers, while charts are used to summarize large blocks of information. Although video can be useful as a visual aid, it needs to be carefully edited and integrated into the speech. Photographs need to be large enough to be seen clearly by all our listeners. If we access to the right equipment, we may be able to combine several kinds of visual aids--plus sound-in a multimedia presentation. Finally, we can act as our own visual aid by performing actions that demonstrate processes or

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