2:3 Research the following theories of development; explain how the theories and frameworks influence current practice.

774 Words Mar 16th, 2014 4 Pages
2:3 Research the following theories of development; explain how the theories and frameworks influence current practice.
Theories of development are:
1. Cognitive (e.g. Piaget).
2. Psychoanalytic (e.g. Freud).
3. Humanist (e.g. Maslow).
4. Social learning ( e.g. Bandura).
5. Operant conditioning (e.g. skinner).
6. Behaviourist (e.g. Watson).
Frameworks to support development are:
1. Social pedagogy.

Theories of development are very important as these theories and frameworks can heavily influence current practice and help us to understand the complexities of children’s behaviours their reactions and can also help us figure out different and new ways of learning. Starting with the constructivist approach (piaget). Piaget worked
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Then the ego works out the best way to meet the id needs of the child. The ego is often seen as the common sense part of our personality and usually starts in the first few months of living. Freud’s theories are generally seen as useful within professional circles and have been criticised for not standing up against scientific scrutiny. Freud’s theory is a good one to look at in relation to the teaching of children but not on to necessarily taken as fact.

Next Maslow, Maslow’s theory was one of motivation and personality, often known as the humanist approach saying that motivation and personality are linked to our basic needs being met. The conclusion of Maslow’s theory was that people have certain fundamental needs which need to be met before they could fill their full potential “self –actualisation” This was demonstrated in Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs pyramid. The way in which this links to current practice is that when working with children and young people it is essential that their needs are met. Professionals working with children need to strive to create a stimulating environment for children and form strong relationships with them.
Bandura social learning theory was a behaviourist approach that suggests that people learn from watching others. This is often referred to as observational learning. This links in with current practice due to the fact

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