1st and 2nd Amendment Essay

1714 Words Feb 5th, 2010 7 Pages
The First and Second Amendments of the United States Constitution
On September 25, 1789, The Bill Of Rights was submitted to the states for approval, based on the previous Constitution's insufficient assurances for civil freedom, liberties and justice. Concerned that the Constitution neglected to clearly state the basic civil rights of the citizens of the United States, Anti- Federalists opposed the Articles of Confederations, which gave state governments more authority (“Bill of Rights, n.d.). As a result the first tem amendments commonly known as The Bill of Rights was approved by congress in 1791, undeniably guaranteeing citizens of The United States essential and important rights. The 1st and 2nd amendments are perhaps the most
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(“Davis v. F. Commission” 2008) The Supreme Court ruled in his favor and declared the act as unconstitutional and found it conflicting with the 1st amendment. An excellent example which tested the freedom of press clause was an incident which involved Judith Miller and Philip Shenon, prominent New York Times reporters with ties with head government officials. After the attacks of September 11, 2001, America began an aggressive war on terror which included in depth investigations of terrorist funding. In the course of an investigation involving an Islamic charity organization, the reporters received information from a confidential source regarding the government’s plan of an upcoming search of the premise and freeze of assets, on the eve of the search, Miller contacted the organization for comment on the matter. The government felt that her actions endangered the agents and allow the organization to prepare for the search. In return the governments asked for full cooperation from the New York Times including phone record which will help reveal the source of the leaked information. The New York Times refused to provide the information which provoked the government to obtain the information by any means. As a result the New York Times sought constitutional protection for both the reporter phone records and the identities of all confidential sources. The judge ruled in favor of the New York Times citing the

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