1998 Ap Ushistory Dbq Essay

1070 Words Dec 16th, 2011 5 Pages
Nardine Salama 1998 DBQ ESSAY
AP. USHISTORY The origins of the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties can be traced back to the early 1790s. Initially, the Federalists, or broad constructionists, favored the growth of federal power and a strong central government. The Federalists promulgated a loose interpretation of the Constitution, which meant that they believed that the government could do anything by the implied powers of the Constitution or that congress had the right to interpret the Constitution based on connotation. On the contrary, the Democratic-Republicans favored the protection of states’ rights and the strict containment of federal power. The Democratic-Republicans were strict constructionists and they
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Towards the end of Jefferson’s presidency and especially after, he and the Jeffersonian Republicans came to realize that although they were “not an advocate for frequent and untried changes in laws and constitutions” (Doc. G) there came a point when change is needed, a constitution that defined a nation many years ago cannot define a nation that has advanced in so many aspects, it would only hold the nation back. When Jefferson left office, James Madison was left with a divided party, a revived Federalism and an unresolved crisis in foreign affairs. For the most part, the Federalists during Madison’s time only used their view on broad constructionism when it was accommodating them. For example when the Hamilton institution tried to pass a conscription bill during America’s first great war, Daniel Webster, a federalist from New Hampshire claimed that it was unconstitutional and that nowhere in the constitution does it state that Congress had the right to enact a law enforcing a draft of men out of the militia and into the regular army (Doc. D). The constitution stated that men are entitled to aid the militia of the states. The aid of the militia were stated as the right – “to repel invasion, suppress insurrection, or execute the laws” however Federalists believed that Congress had the right to interpret the Constitution based on connotation; making Madison’s bill not unconstitutional, based on Federalist belief. When the

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