1614 Italian Trumpet

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One of the most important factors in the development of the trumpet was its acceptance as a key contributor to art music. This realization became fully accepted in the 17th century during the Baroque period. Prior to this time the trumpet was seen primarily as an instrument delegated to military functions and processional fanfares. Due to its construction the common practice of playing trumpet was limited to just notes within the harmonic series of the trumpet. This limitation hindered many composers from written significant melodic works for the instrument, however, overtime across Europe a new performance practice for trumpet begin to developed. In 1614 Italian trumpeter, Cesare Bendinelli published one of the first trumpet method book Tutta l’arte della trometta where he discussed the rules of improvisation in what would become known as the clarino register. Edward Tarr stated, “Since many of Bendeinelli works that are found are dated in the 1580s, we assume with certainty that trumpeters of that period played that is improvised pieces of this kind for precessions, tournaments, mealtimes and similar functions. . . Playing in the …show more content…
Fantini was employed as a trumpeter at the court of Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinano II located in central Italy in the city of Florence. Fantini took part in the first known soloistic performance with keyboard accompaniment and his mastery of lipping notes that were not part of the trumpet harmonic series was well known. Fantini method consist of eight sonata for trumpet and organ as well as numerous dance settings for trumpet and basso continuo, which are the first known examples of Italian art music with trumpet. With the continued development and popularity of the trumpet across northern Italy, perhaps the most significant center to this movement was the city of

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