1.10 Is AI A Science Or Is It Intelligence Case Study
1.9 Why would evolution tend to result in systems that act rationally? What goals are such systems designed to achieve?
1.10 Is AI a science, or is it engineering? Or neither or both? Explain.
1.11 “Surely computers cannot be intelligent—they can do only what their programmers tell them.” Is the latter statement true, and does it imply the former?
1.12 “Surely animals cannot be intelligent—they can do only what their genes tell them.”
Is the latter statement true, and does it imply the former?
1.13 “Surely animals, humans, and computers cannot be intelligent—they can do only what their constituent atoms are told to do by the laws of physics.” Is the latter statement true, and does it imply the former?
1.14 Examine the AI literature to discover whether the following tasks can currently …show more content…
Writing an intentionally funny story.
i. Giving competent legal advice in a specialized area of law.
j. Translating spoken English into spoken Swedish in real time.
k. Performing a complex surgical operation.
Move down to see the answers
(a) intelligence – means to have the knowledge to learn and understand different situations.
(b) artificial intelligence – the ability of a computer or robot to act like a human and make decisions based on pre-defined rules.
(c) agent – is the entity that is doing the actions, it can interact with the environment, change it, and learn from it.
(d) rationality – is the ability of doing the right thing based on what it already knows or has learned from the environment.
(e) logical reasoning – is the process using arguments, statements, premises, and axioms to determine whether a statement is true or false.
- Yes, reflex actions such as flinching from a hot stove are rational because it is the right thing to do. We don’t think before we flinch from a hot stove because it suppose to be quick, thinking will defeat the purpose of flinching.
- No, I believe that reflex actions are not intelligent because you don’t have to put any thought into them, we do them automatically.