“People are complex and cannot be completely understood through the lens of a Meta or grand theory– i.e. Psychoanalytic or behavioural. Critically discuss”

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In counselling and psychotherapy there are more than 400 distinct models with methods of practice ranging from one to one counselling, group therapy, couples or family therapy, online therapy and over the telephone counselling. Depending on which school of thought the therapist is following, each therapy engages the client from a different angle. Each school has its own rationale and specific techniques but there are common components which are shared across all approaches
Research has shown that there is little evidence for the superiority of one school over another (Assay and Lambert, 1999). It is the similarities rather than the differences that account for the observation that all psychotherapeutic approaches are
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But what he learned was that the analysis of the transference was actually the work that needed to be done

The Humanistic – Existential school
The Humanistic school is based around developing human potential through an individuals’ own abilities and qualities. It involves the therapist emphasising these abilities to enhance the experience of personal and feelings. The aim is to harmonize both thinking and actions to become unique individuals. Carl Rogers (1902 – 1987) is the originator of person centred therapy and introduced a ‘non-directive’ approach to therapy. There are two main therapeutic principles that underlie the person centred approach. The first principle is that the therapist emphasises the relationship with the client as this is an integral part to the therapeutic journey. It is based around respect, equality and authenticity. The client is regarded as the expert on his or her own life and the therapist is there to facilitate the client to identify, reframe thinking and come up with their own solutions to their own personal challenges. The second principle is concerned with working with the clients in the here and now – to learn about old patterns, to make new changes. Carl Rogers posits that the relationship that the theraepist has with the client, in person centred therapy is central to the success of the therapy. The relationship is sufficient for client change

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