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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The most effective type of power for controlling a person is
a
Leaders who have won the confidence, support, and trust of a group have which of the following types of power?
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The president of the United States has by definition _________________________ authority.
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Political systems grow more powerful as societies become ___________________________.
a
Structural functional theory states that societies develop laws that will
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The authority of the eldest male in the village is most likely to be
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Structural functionalists believe that
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Conflict theorists believe that ______________________ use the law to shape the values of society.
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Conflict theory states that political power is used to support
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European history provides many examples of how elites have used the law to support
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As nation-states emerged in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, they passed laws to
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When manufacturing began on a large scale and workers protested low pay and poor working conditions, laws were passed to protect
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According to conflict theorists, the powerful get others to obey the law by
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Democratic states in large complex societies allow people to choose
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A totalitarian state is one in which ____________________ the government has total control.
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Groups of citizens formed with the express intent of gaining control of the political body of the state are known as
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A/An__________________________ is a government ruled by a small elite group.
a
Rule by a power elite means that
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Political pluralism means that
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PACs can legally raise money for
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The major goal of lobbies is to ___________________________ legislation.
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Most PAC money goes to
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Children learn to respect our political system when they learn that political leaders
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In the United States, political socialization occurs in ____________ areas of life.
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Compared with middle-class children, poor children are politically not as well socialized because they do not witness
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Adult political socialization is most effective when information
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Voter turnout in the United States is one of the _______________________in the world.
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Piven and Cloward argue that voter apathy occurs because
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Referenda are
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Americans tend to vote for the ________________________ party year after year.
a
T F Power is the ability to make others follow the rules or dictates set down by those in control.
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T F Controlling a society through force is the most efficient use of power.
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T F Authority is derived from the people’s consent to be ruled and to obey willingly.
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T F Structural functionalists hold that the majority of people in a society have the same values.
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T F Conflict theorists maintain that people form a society in order to develop values.
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T F Legitimate power is power that is accepted by the people in a society as being beneficial.
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T F Two types of legal political structures in the modern world are democratic and bureaucratic.
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T F Today most of the world is organized into nation-states.
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T F Mills argued that power elites try to dominate each other in order to rule the country.
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T F Political pluralism, which holds that a number of groups participate in the political system, describes the perspective on U.S. government.
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T F PACs are agreements between groups to support the same issues.
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T F One of the ways big business gains power is by organizing lobbies.
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T F Lobbies are groups who try to influence the political process.
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T F Poor children are not always easily socialized to favor the political system.
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T F Business leaders tried to make voting complicated to restrict some groups from voting.
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Essay:
Using your experience of life in college, give examples to demonstrate that authority is a more efficient type of power than force, either actual or latent.
a
Essay:
Briefly trace the development of political systems. Include in your discussion the development of states, city-states, and nation-states.
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Essay:
Use what you know about political socialization and participation to argue the validity of both structural functional and conflict viewpoints.
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Essay:
Use the descriptions of lobbying activities to evaluate the stances of political pluralism and the power elite.
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Essay:
Discuss how obvious facts are used to sway political opinion. Give examples from recent newspapers and political debates
s