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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mandible
bone of the lower jaw
parthenogenesis
developement of an egg
appendage
limb segments
spinneret
organ part used for spinning a web/cocoon
book lung
respiratory system of an arachnid; arranged like the leaves of a book
pheromone
chemical substance released by an animal that influences/affects others of the same species
cephalothorax
anterior part of certain arachnids/crustaceans
(coalsced, head, and thorax)
molting
to leave an exoskeleton and grow a new one
malpighian tubule
long, slender, excertory tubes
tracheal tubes
system of air tubes; deliver oxygen directly to cells
What organs are responsible for the acute senses of arthropods?
compound eyes and antennae
How is efficient gas exchange accomplished in arthropods?
by coming in through the spiracles and distributed by tracheal tubes, book lungs, or gills.
List the purposes of appendages in arthopods.
sensing, walking, feeding, and mating
innate
instinctive
Compare and contrast direct fight muscles with indirect flight muscles.
direct: muscles directly attached to the wings.

indirect: muscles not attached to the wings
List members of the Class Insecta.
flies, grasshoppers, praying mantis, dragonflies.
List the members of the Class Crustacea.
lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, crabs, barnacles
List members of the Class Arachnida.
spiders, scorpions, ticks, mites, harvestmen
Describe the body plan of the tick and mite.
fused cephalothorax and abdomen
List the function of the antennae in most insects
sensory perception
What characteristic distinguishes arthropods from other invertebrates?
jointed-feet
Describe the symmetry in enchinoderms.
bilateral symmetry
List characteristics of the Trilobites. When did they become extinct?
bottom dwellers, scabengers, roll up like pill bugs

200 million yrs ago
There are _____ species of the horseshoe crab.
five
Where do horseshoe crabs live?
Shallow water along North American Atlantic coast
What is the purpose of a pair of ovigers?
male egg carriers
List the advantage of having air piped directly to the cells.
high metabolic rate
List the structure unique to the Order Araneae.
Pedicel
Describe the function of the malpighian tublues
excretion
The order scorpionida is found in ________
tropical and subtropical regions
What is a carapace in the subphylum crustacea?
upper part of a shell
What class makes up 90% of the biomass on the ocean floor?
sea cucumbers
Why are all the visceral organs of a brittle star located within the central disc?
so they are protected, and it's the only place that has room
Aristotle's Latern
mouth equipped with five teeth operated by a complex system
what are pedicellarias?
is a small wrench or claw-shaped structure commonly found on Echinoderms
Starfish label
a.radial canal
b.madreporite
c.ampullae
d.tube feet
e/f.ring canal
Lobster Label clockwise
abdomen
cepholothorax
carapace
long antnnae
cheliped
walking legs
swimmerets
What is a carapace in the subphylum crustacea?
upper part of a shell
What class makes up 90% of the biomass on the ocean floor?
sea cucumbers
Why are all the visceral organs of a brittle star located within the central disc?
so they are protected, and it's the only place that has room
Aristotle's Latern
mouth equipped with five teeth operated by a complex system
what are pedicellarias?
is a small wrench or claw-shaped structure commonly found on Echinoderms
Starfish label
a.radial canal
b.madreporite
c.ampullae
d.tube feet
e/f.ring canal
Lobster Label clockwise
abdomen
cepholothorax
carapace
long antnnae
cheliped
walking legs
swimmerets