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65 Cards in this Set

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cladogram and clade

synapormorphy
only way to indicate nested hirearchy (branch on tree)
shared evolutin of charachter states
comparitive morpohology
examines physical stuff
uses alive and dead stuff to examine
compartive biochemistry
amino acids and proteins to identify coladogram or phyla
comparitive systology
used only on alive stuff
polyphyly
paraphyly
monophyly
poly 2 ancestors
not all decendents but ancestor
all decendents and ancestor
TYPOLOGICAL SPECIES CONCEPT
BIOLOGICAL SPECIES CONCEPT
EVOLUTIONARY SPECIES CONCEPT
PHYLOGENIC SPECIES CONCEPT
OLD SPECIES CONCEPT
MOST INFLUENTIAL
ADDS TIME DIMENSION TOO
TREATS EVEN SIMILIAR ORGANISMS AS SEPRATE TOO.
PROTOSTOMES
DEUTEROSTOMES
TAXANOMIC CHARACHTER
MOSTLY SPIRAL SYMETTRY
MOSTYLY RADIAL SYMETTRY
FEATURES OF SPECIES THAT VARYS
ONTOGENY

PHYLOGENY
INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT

EVOLUTIONARY DECENT
CLADIST BASED ON MONOPHYLY WOULD
EVOLUTIONARY TAXONIMIST WOULD
WOULD PUT APES AND MAN TOGET

WOULD BASE ON ADAPTIVE ZONES TOO
UNIFORMITARINISM
CHARLESS LYELL PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY STAY THE SAME
GEOLOGICAL EVENTS HAPPEN SLOW.
KINGDOM ANIMALIA
PHYLUM PORIFERA
PINACOCYTES
CHOANOCYTES
ANIMALS
SPONGES
SKIN CELLS OUTSIDE OF SPONGE
SKIN CELLS INSIDE OF SPONGE
WHY ARE SPONGES BRIGHT COLORS?
SPONGE SKELETONS MADE OF?
THEY DONT TASTE GOOD/DEFENSE

SPICULES OR FIBERS OR BOTH
AMEOBOCYTES
ARCHAEOCYTES THEY MAKE SPICULES AND OR SPONGIN FIBERS
ARE SPONGES MOBILE IF SO WHEN?
MOST ADULT SPONGES ARE IMMOBILE BUT THIER LARVE DO SWIM
WHAT IS PLANKTON?
ALGAE, PROTISTA, OR BABY STUFF VERY SMALL.
DESCRIBE SPONGE WATER CURRENTS...

OSCULUM
WATER ENTERS THRU SIDES AND THEN EXITS THRU TOP
SPONGES ARE FILTER FEEDERS.
TOP OF SPONGE OPENING
DESCRIBE SPONGE EATING
WHAT CELLS HAVE MUCUS?
FLAGELLA BRINGS WATER IN
FOOD GETS STUCK IN MUCUS
MUCUS CARRIES FOOD INTO CELLS
CHOANOCYTE

FOOD VACUOLE
HAS MUCUS, MUCUS COLLECTS FOOD FOR SPONGE
SPONGE INTRA CELLULAR DIJESTION FOOD VACUOLE
SPONGE RESPIRATION EXCRETION NERVE CELL? SENSORY STRUCTURES? REPRODUCTION
DIFFUSION NO NERVE CELLS
NO SENSORY STRUCTURES
REPRO BOTH A SEX AND SEX
FRAGMENTATIN, BUDDING, GEMULE
DESCRIBE GEMULE
INTERNAL BUD, GEMULE MAY WEATHER WINTER AND IN SPRING RELEASE AMEBOCYTES THAT CREATE NEW SPONGES.
ORGANELLE
PSUDEPODIA
SMALL ORGAN LIKE THING
FAKE FEET
COMMENSALISTIC

MUTUALISTIC
ONE BENEFITS

BOTH BENEFIT
pROTOZOA GROUPS ARE

lOCOMOTION OF PROTOZOA
SINGLE EUKARYTOIC CELLS

BY CILLIA BY FLAGELLA AND PSUDOPODIA
DESCRIPTION OF PROTOZOA CHARTERISTICS
UNICELLULAR, MOSTLY MICROSCOPIC, THEY HAVE ORGANELLES
AUTOTROPHIC
HETEROTROPHIC
SPARAZOIC
PHOTOSYNTHISING
EATING
OSMOSIS
CYTOSTOME
FOOD VACUOLE OR

CONTRACTILE VACUOLE
THE CELL MOUTH IN PROTOZOA
PHAGOSOME
TAKES UP WATER AND EXCREATES TO OUTSIDE OF CELL
PROTOZOA SEX
FISSION BOTH BINARY AND MULTIPLE FISSION
BINARY FISSION

MULTIPLE FISSION OR SCHIZOGANY
SPLITS INTO TWO EQUAL OFFSPRING
NUCLEI DEVIDE MORE THAN ONCE AND MANY OFFSPRING RESULT
SYNAGMY
SEX FERT BY ANOTHER
ENCYSTMENT
EXCYSTMENT
PELLICLE
STIGMA (PROTOZOA)
GROWING COVERING
REMOVING COVERING
CELL WALL STIFFENER
EYE SPOT (ONLY LIGHT SENS)
KINETOPLAST
APICAL COMPLEX
LARGE DISK OF DNA
COMBO OF ORGANELLES
MEROZITES

SPOROZITES
MEROZITES ARE SPOROZITES AFTER ENETRING BODY
WAY PARASITES ENTER THRU SALIVA ( MOSQUITO)
CYTOSTOME
TRICHOCYST
TOXICYST
MOUTH
EXPELLS THREAD LIKE STRUCTURE
EXPELLS POISION
CONJUGATION
TEMP UNION OF 2 EXCHANGE OF CHROMOSONE MATERIAL MICRO NECLEUS HAS MEIOSIS 4 HAPLID 3 DEGENERATE LAST ONE DEVIDES WHICH IS EXCHANGED WTIH PARTNER
PHAGOCYTOSIS
ENGULFING OF FOOD BY
AMOEBA FOR EXAMPLE BY MOVING BODY AROUND FOOD.
RADIOLARIANS
MOST LIVE IN PLANKTON VERY OLDEST KNOWN PROTOZOA
CONTINENTAL DRIFT
ALL CONTENTS WERE CONECTED THEN BROKE AND DRIFTED
ROCKS PROVED PANGEA THEORY
PHYSICAL SEPARTATION OF ANIMALS CREATED WHAT?
MORE DIVERSITY
PROTISTA kINGDOM
MAJOR CHARTERISTICS
SOME HAVE PELLICLE ALL HAVE ECTOPLASM SOME HAVE TEST
NO SKELETON WATER ENVIROMENT
AMOBEA, EUGLENOZOA, ---PARASITES, PARAMECIUS
PROTOZOA USE IN ECONOMY
CATTLE STOMACHS HAVE THEM
TERMITES ALSO HAVE THEM SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANTS
PHYLUM SARCODINA
PHYLUM APICOMPLEXA
PHYLUM CILIPHORA
PHYLUM EUGLENOZOA
PSEUDOPODIA FAKE FEET AMOEBA
ALL PARASITES CIRCLE
HAVE CILLIA HAIRS PARAMECIUM
HAVE FLAGELLATES EUGLENA
kINGDOM PROTISTA
REPRODUCTION
ASEXUAL SEXUAL
BINARY FISSION
AUTOTROPHIC
HERTOTROPHIC
SAPROBIC
HOLOZOIC
CHLOROPLAST SELF FEEDING
NEEDS TO EAT
OSMOSIS THRU SKIN
CHASES EATS FOOD -PROTISTA
DIFFUSION DOES WHAT
ACTIVE TRANSPORT DOES WHAT
DIFFUSION
lETS STUFF IN
PULLS STUFF IN
FROM GREATER TO LESSER
EXCOTYCOTIS

FOOD VACUOLE OF PROTISTA CONTAINS WHAT? DOES WHAT?
BUTT IN PROTISTA

CONTAINS ENZYMES THAT BREAK DOWN FOOD
PROTISTA VOID NITOGENOUS WASTE HOW?
BY DIFUSSION
PROTISTA VOID WATER HOW?
BY CONTRACTILE VACOULE
BIRTH OF EARTH DATE
CLOSEST LINK TO ANCESTOR
BLUE GREEN WHAT?
4.6 BILLION YEARS AGO
BACTERIA
ALGAE CHANGED EVERYTHING
THEIR
THERE
THEY'RE
POSSESION
FUNCTION WORD
THEY ARE
TWO
TO
TOO
2
A FUNCTION WORD
ALSO
OUR
ARE
SHOWS POSSESION
RELATED TO BE
AFFECTED
EFFECT
ACTION OR INFLUENCE
RESULT OUTCOME
IT'S
ITS
IT IS
POSSESION
DONT CALL ANIMALS BY HE OR SHE
*
Homo sapiens (dont cap second
____ _______
word.)
* Canis familiaris
_____ __________
cell theory
all organisms are composed of cells all cells for all animals cells come from other cells
cellular respiration
converts sugar to engergy
mitosis
one cell devides into two
how animals grow bigger
meiosis
one devides into four
chromosone number halved.
sperm egg cells
ASCON DESCRIBE IT
SYCON DESCRIBE IT
LECUON DESCRIBE IT
WHAT ARE THESE ?
SIMPLES BODY TYPE OF SPONGE
2ND SIMPLEST BODY TYPE
ROUND LEUCON MOST COMPLEX
SPONGE SPONGE SPONGE
PORIFERA SPONGE DESCRIBE:
OSCULUM SPONGEOCOEL SPICULE PORE MESENCHYME PINOCOCYTE AND CHOANOCYTE
OSCULUM OPENING
SPONGEOCOEL MIDDLE OF IT
SPICULE TRIANGLE POKEY GUY'
PORE ENTRY TO SPONGE
MESENCHYME JELLY STUFF
PINACOCYTE SKIN CELL CHOANOCYTE GREEN FLAGELLA CELLS INSIDE BODY
*
*
*
*
*
*
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