Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/26

Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
All structures of the respiratory
below the epiglottis
LRT
Inflammatory Condition of the
tracheobronchial tree usually occurring in winter
and associated with a generalized respiratory
infection which manifests itself as:
Acute Bronchitis
Viruses causeing Acute Bronchitis
Influenza.
Non-viral causes of acute bronchitis
Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Causative agent of
whooping cough with
violent spells of coughing
followed by a loud
inspiratory "whooping"
sound.
Bordetella Pertussis
Bordetella Pertussis:
Gram-_____ small,
pleormorphic
coccobacillus.
negative
Bordetella Pertussis:
One of the few genera of
bacteria that adheres only
to _______ mucosal cells.
ciliated
Pertussis:
most of the manifestations of the disease are
attributable to production of exotoxin which causes:
a) enhanced cough reflex.
b) peripheral lymphocytosis.
c) malaise.
d) weight loss.
e) hypercellularity and enlargement of the mucosal lymph
follicles and peribronchial lymph nodes.
gold standard of Microbiologic Diagnosis of acute bronchitis
culture
Acute lower respiratory tract illness occurring within
the first two years of life and characterized by:
1. Cough.
2.
Bronchiolitis
Bronchiolitis findings on xray
X-ray- reveal diffuse, bilateral
reticulonodular infiltrates without
pleural effusions. The heart size is
normal. There is no significant
deviation of the trachea.
Definition: Invasion of pulmonary
parenchyma by microorganisms with
subsequent inflammatory infiltrate so that
the alveoli become filled with an exudate
(consolidation).
Pneumonia:
Classification of pneumonia:

By anatomical location:
Bronchopneumonia
Classification of pneumonia:
By clinical syndrome and setting
Community acquired
Classification of pneumonia:
By causative organism
Bacterial
Bronchopneumonia:

patchy consolidation
of lung usually
representing:
bronchitis or
bronchiolitis.
Bronchopneumonia:

microscopic
PMNs
Bronchopneumonia:
necrosis of alveolar ____.
septa
Cryptogenic Organizing bronchopneumonia COP used to be called _______
(BOOP).
brochiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia
treatment of COP


Cryptogenic Organizing bronchopneumonia
Tx with steroids not antibiotics.
Morphology of lobar pneumonia: the inflammatory response is divided
into four stages:
1) congestion- lasts 24 hours
2) red hepatization
3) gray hepatization
4) doesn't matter
______ accounts for 90-95%of
all lobar pneumonia.
S. pneumoniae
clinically distinct from lobar
pneumonia and did not respond to sulfonamides or
penicillin.
Interstitial Pneumonitis (Primary
Atypical Pneumonia)
viruses causing PAP
Influenza A and B
other non-viral causes of PAP
Mycoplasma pneumoniae -most common cause.
definitive procedure for
diagnosis of pneumonia in
immunocompromised patients.
Lung biopsy: