• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/83

Click to flip

83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
melody
a single line of notes heard in succession as a coherent unit.
note
smallest unity of music, building block
subphrases
places for breath in both poetry and music
phrase
unit of though
cadence
signals the end of a unit that can stand on its own. like a period at the end of the sentence
melodic motion
the way the notes move from one another
conjunct motion
notes close together
disjunct motion
notes with large leaps
scale
series of notes that moves step wise and covers a complete octave
interval
distance between notes
key
the note that a scale begins and ends with
major mode
do re mi... positive mood
minor mode
seems darker
rhythm
the odering of music through tim
meter
underlying pattern of beats that maintains itself throughout a work
triple meter
strong1-2-3
duple meter
strong1-2
harmony
sound created by multiple notes at the same time
chord
three or more notes played together
tonic
primary key area
texture
fuction of the number and general relationship of musical lines
monophonic
single melodic line
homophonic
melody is performed with a supporting accompaniment
polyphonic
melody is performed against another line of equal importance
timbre
the color of music, the character sound. (Who is singing, what instrument)
dyanmics
the volume of sound, soft to loud
pp
pianissimo very soft
p
piano soft
mp
mezzo piano medium soft
mf
mezzo forte medium loud
f
forte loud
ff
fortissimo very loud
form
the structure of a musical work, the way in which its individual units are put together
genre
the category of a given work
middle ages
500ce-1400
time of sacred and secular music, church dominated the intellectual and cultural life during the period
plainchant
gregorian chant, collection of songs made by mostly monks and priests. monophonic, unaccompanied melodies sung by single voice
polyphony
multiple independent voices sung a and played together
sacred music
music to enhace the texts being sung and inspire worshippers with the beauty of their wound. 8/9 services a day use music
troubadours
poet-composers
middle ages music for entertainment
secular music. music made for the lords of territories.
middle ages music for dancing
usually led by drum. group activity similar to line dancing
when was music first notated
10th century
"play of virtues
hildegard von bingen, plainchant. song of 16 virtues, satan speaks with no music. latin. each virtue by a different singer. unison/monophonic.
syllabic
composer sets each syllable to a single note
melismatic
more than one note to syllable
melisma
syllable sung to many notes
free rhythm
no consistent meter
Hilden von Bingen
1098-1179. more compositions than anyone elze before 14th century. Nun from west germany. "Play of Virtues"
powwows
native american gatherings of mixed tribes to express bond and identity
"The Eagle Dance
chanting. portrays life cycle of the eagle, the creature regarded as the connector between heaven and earth. one melodic line. male voices in unison, single drumstick. San Ildefonso Indians.
vocables
meaningless sung syllables, used by native americans. makes a vocal instrument.
Terraced Melody
different melodies in different sections of the song. "the eagle song.
"behold spring
Francesco Landini, secular music. short polyphonic song. upbeat. secular. triple meter. cadence in unison. song about the rise of spring.
strophes/stanzas
verses
Francesco Landini
"Behold Spring." died of small pox, young. composer, performer, and poet
"I can all too well compare my lady
Giullaume de Machaut, secular song. song about a statue so real and beautiful it came to life. first known polyphonic in mass.
Guillaume de Machaut
"I can all to well compare my lady."secular composer and poet. worked under several different monarchs.
the mass
Sabio, instrumental arrangement of vocal music. central service in many christian denominations, ritual re-enactment of Christ's last supper.
"He who gladly serves
intense timbres, instrumental. song to the virgin mary.
drone bass
a long note held under underneath the melodic line
Alfonso el Sabio
composed the Songs to the Virgin Mary. Ruled kingdoms castile and leon. didnt right words. took credit for work of composers that worked for him.
humanism
an intellectual and cultural movement that explored human interests and values through the pursuit of science, philosophy, literature, painting, sculpture, and music
renaissance
"rebirth" period. brought music and words together like never before.
printing press
aloud for quick widespread use of notated music. before every piece was done by hand.
"The Cricket
Josquin des Prez, Secular song. polyphony, four voices song about a cricket get drunk and singing that he is the best.
vignettes
humurous little pics drawn into the page
four registers of human voice
soprano
alto
tenor
bass
counterpoint
a system of rules and procedures governing the composition of multiple melodies that sound good alone or together.
ternary form
contrast and return, ABA
Josquin des Prez
"The cricket." international celebrity, Martin Luther declared, master of notes, declared other composers should follow his lead. considered greatest composer of early renaissance.
"Since Robin Hood
Thomas Weelkes, Madrigal. song about william kemp dancing from London to Norwich. (140 miles over 9 days). polyphonic.
madrigal
musical setting of a text in a single stophe
iambic meter
short-LONG
trochaic
LONG-short
anapestic
short-short-Long
syncopated
run against the regular pulse of the musical meter
word painting
voices dont sing together. used to enhance meaning and pleasure
"sing joyfully
william byrd, anthem. sacred work, 6 voices. rich and luxuriant.
antem/motet
sacred choral work
a capella choral music
more than one singing without instrument
imitative counterpoint
one voice introduces the theme as othersenter in succession and follow it
elided
a new line of text and music begins before the previous one has come to a complete stop
William Byrd
Catholic composer at a protestant court. his talent as a composer kept him safe from the protestant queen. "Sing joyfully.