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54 Cards in this Set

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1 2 words to describe yourself and your existence
ser and estar
2 this word corresponds to descriptions of experience: I have a red car.
tener: Tengo un coche rojo.
3 this word corresponds to descriptions of experience: Marisela has a blue umbrella.
tener: Marisela tiene un paraguas azul.
4 this word corresponds to descriptions of experience: How old are you?
tener: ¿Cuántos años tiene usted?
5 the concept of age is expressed with the verb "to have": I am 56 years old.
tener: Tengo cincuenta y seis años.
6 this word may also be used as "being with," physically, mentally or emotionally: I am (experiencing) heat: I am hot.
Tengo calor.
7 this word may also be used as "being with," physically, mentally or emotionally: I am (experiencing) jealousy. I am jealous.
Tengo celos. (say' - los)
8 this word may also be used as "being with," physically, mentally or emotionally: I am (experiencing) fever. I am feverish.
Tengo fiebre.
9 I am cold.
Tengo frio.
10 I have the flu.
Tengo gripe.
11 I am hungry.
Tengo hambre.
12 I am afraid.
Tengo miedo.
13 I am sad, embarassed.
Tengo pena.
14 I am thirsty.
Tengo sed.
15 I am sleepy.
Tengo sueño.
16 I am embarassed.
Tengo vergüenza.
17 You can add modifiers: (much, many) (few, little)
mucho(a)…poco(a)
18 I am careful.
Tengo cuidado.
19 I am at fault
Tengo la culpa.
20 I am successful. I have success.
Tengo éxito.
21 I am fifteen years old.
Tengo quince años.
22 I am in the right. I am right.
Tengo razón.
23 I am lucky. I have luck.
Tengo suerte.
24 I have to go home.
Tengo que ir a casa.
25 They have to practice each day.
Ellos tienen que practicar cada día.
26 When do you have to eat? (familiar)
¿Cuándo tienes que comer?
27 I was not very hungry last night. (preterite)
Anoche tuve poca hambre.
28 Miguel had a lot to each last night.
Anoche Miguel tuvo mucho de comer.
29 Throughout my youth I was very lucky. ('lucky' is a feminine noun)
De joven, tenía mucha suerte.
30 Several years ago, I had a pet.
Hace muchos años, tenía un mascota.
31 I had to go home (and did).
Tuve que ir a casa.
32 I had to go home (but may or may not have).
Tenía que ir a casa.
33 The present perfect tense characterizes an experience as having occurred in the recent past: I have been sleepy all day.
He tenido sueño todo el día.
34 The present perfect tense characterizes an experience as having occurred in the recent past: I have had many jobs.
He tenido varios empleos. (m - PLAY - ohs)
35 Future stem changes: I will be thirty-six years old in July.
Tendré treinta y seis años en julio.
36 Future stem changes: Marina will have a car by her birthday.
Marina tendrá un coche para su cumpleaños.
37 to accompany
acompañar
38 to learn (to)
aprender a
39 to eat better
comer mejor
40 to take better care of myself
cuidarme mejor
41 to study
estudiar
42 to exercise more
hacer más ejercicio
43 to wash (something)
lavar
44 to arrive (on time)
llegar a tiempo
45 to resolve
resolver
46 to save
ahorrar
47 to help with
ayudar con
48 to purchase
comprar
49 to return (something)
devolver
50 to have fixed
hacer arreglar
51 to make a payment
hacer un pago
52 to clean (something)
limpiar
53 to carry
llevar
54 to bring
traer