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53 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Boundary
The real or imaginary lines that differentiate one system from another system or a system from its environment
Closed system
System that does not exchange energy, matter, or information with its environment
Community
A collection of people who share some attribute of their lives
Community health nursing
The synthesis of nursing & public health practice as applied to promoting & preserving the health of populations
Compensatory
Counterbalancing
Equilibrium
A state of balance
Extended family
Family that includes the relatives of the nuclear family (e,g., grandparents, aunts, uncles,)
Family
The basic unit of society that consists of those individuals, male or female, youth or adult, legally or not legally related, genetically or not genetically related, who are considered by others to represent their significant persons
Feedback
The response or message that the receiver returns to the sender during communication
Holism
All living organisms are seen as interesting, unified wholes that are more than the sums of their parts
The tendency of the body to maintain a state of balance or equilibrium while continually changing; a mechanism in which deviations from normal are sensed & counteracted
Homeostasis
Consists of information, material, or energy that enters a system
Input
Negative feedback
Feedback that inhibits change
A family of parents & their offspring
Nuclear family
System in which energy, matter, & information move into & out of the system through the system boundary
Open system
A transformation that occurs after input is absorbed by the system & is then processed in a way that is useful to the system
Throughput
The system above another system
Suprasystem
Feedback that stimulates change
Positive feedback
The blending of attitudes & beliefs; process by which members of a foreign culture learn the values & behaviors of a culture to which they have immigrated
Acculturation
Assimilation
Acculturation

The blending of attitudes & beliefs; process by which members of a foreign culture learn the values & behaviors of a culture to which they have immigrated
used to describe a person who crosses two cultures, lifestyles, & sets of values
Bicultural
holds that the forces of nature must be maintained in balance or harmony
Holistic health belief
an individual who mediates spoken communication between people speaking different languages without adding, omitting, or distorting meaning or editorializing
Interpreter
a negative belief or preference that is generalized about a group & that leads to “prejudgment”
Prejudice
classification of people according to shared biologic characteristics & physical features
Race
assuming that all members of a culture or ethnic group are alike
Stereotyping
the differential treatment of individuals or groups
Discrimination
a disorder that occurs in response to transition from one cultural setting to another
Culture shock
assuming that all members of a culture or ethnic group are alike
Stereotyping
used to describe a person who crosses two cultures, lifestyles, & sets of values
Bicultural
grief experience in advance of the event
Anticipatory Grief
a subjective response a person who has experienced the loss of a significant other through death
Bereavement
the state in which an individual or group experiences prolonged, unresolved grief and engages in detrimental activities
Dysfunctional Grief
emotional suffering often caused by bereavement
Grief
an actual or potential situation in which a valued ability, object, or person is inaccessible or changed so that it is perceived no longer valuable
Loss
the process through which grief is eventually resolved or altered
Mourning
the theory or practice of eating only foods of plant origin, including fruits, grains, and nuts
Vegetarianism
a measure of the degree of protein anabolism; net result of intake and loss of nitrogen
Nitrogen balance
acidosis accompanied by an accumulation of ketones in the body, resulting from extensive breakdown of fats because of faulty carbohydrate metabolism
Ketoacidosis
an abnormal condition resulting from excessive intake of toxic amounts (self-prescribed, usually from supplements) of one or more vitamins, especially over a long period
Hypervitaminosis
difficulty or inability to swallow
Dysphagia
progressing through a diet
Diet Progression
a process in which complex substances are broken down into simpler substances (e. g. breakdown of tissue)
Catabolism
indicates whether weight is appropriate for height
Body Mass Index (BMI)
the rate of energy utilization in the body required to maintain essential activities such as breathing
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
the science of measuring the human body as to height, weight, and size of component parts, including skin folds, to study and compare the relative proportions under normal and abnormal conditions.
Anthropometry
lack of appetite
Anorexia
providing physical care of the body of an expired patient and support for the family viewing the body
Post Mortem Care
symptom care of patients for whom disease no longer responds to cure focused treatment
Palliative Care
all living organisms are seen as interacting, unified wholes that are more than the sums of their parts
Holistic
the delivery of care for terminally ill patients either in health care facilities or in the patients home
Hospice
care provided in the final weeks before death
End of Life Care
no effort to be made to resuscitate the client with a terminal or irreversible illness in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest.
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)