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29 Cards in this Set

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Organs found in the right upper quadrant of the abdomin are?

Liver
Gallbladder
Duodenum
Head of pancreas
Right adrenal gland
Upper lobe of right kidney
Hepatic flexure of colon Section of ascending colon
Section of transverse colon
Identify organs found in the right upper quandrant of the abdomin?
Organs found in the right lower quadrant are?

Lower lobe of right kidney
Cecum
Appendix
Section of ascending colon
Right ovary
Right fallopian tube
Right ureter
Right spermatic cord
Part of uterus
Organs found in the right lower quadrant are?
Organs found in the left upper quadrant are?

Left lobe of liver
Stomach
Spleen
Upper lobe of left kidney
Pancreas
Left adrenal
Splenic flexure of colon
Section of transverse colon
Section of descending colon
Organs found in the left upper quadrant of the abdomin are?
Organs found in the left lower quadrant of the abdomin are?

Lower lobe of left kidney
Sigmoid colon
Section of descending colon
Left ovary
Left fallopian tube
Left ureter
Left spermatic cord
Part of uterus
Organs found in the left lower quadrant of the abdomin are?
For how many years is the “pot-belly” of toddler-hood normal?

5 years
For how many years is the “pot-belly” of toddler-hood normal?
When auscultating bowel sounds is the bell or the diaphragm of the stethoscope used?

Diaphragm
When auscultating bowel sounds is the bell or the diaphragm of the stethoscope used?
What is the sequence of examination techniques for assessment of the abdomen?

IAPP!!!

Inspection
Auscultation
Percussion
Palpation
What is the sequence of examination techniques for assessment of the abdomen?
The abdomen is divided into 4 quadrants such as?

Vertical line from the xiphoid process to the middle of the pubic symphysis

Horizontal line across the umbilicus
The abdomen is divided into 4 quadrants such as?
Referred pain is?

Pain that is perceived in an area other than its origin.

This pain may occur relatively near the affected organ or at some distance from it

• The original and referred sites are supplied with efferent nerves for pain from the same spinal cord segments
Pain that is perceived in an area other than its origin is called?


This pain may occur relatively near the affected organ or at some distance from it

• The original and referred sites are supplied with efferent nerves for pain from the same spinal cord segments
Appendix pain refers to what area?

The right lower quadrant and umbilical area
Pain in the right lower quadrant and umbilical area may actually be referred pain from the?
Duodenal pain refers to what area?

The area above the umbilicus, the right posterior scapula and shoulder area
Pain from the area above the umbilicus, the right posterior scapula and shoulder area could actually be referred pain from the?
Gallbladder pain refers to what area?

The right upper quadrant and right posterior scapular area
Pain from the right upper quadrant and right posterior scapular area may actually be referred pain from the?
Heart pain refers to what area?

The sternal area, neck, jaw, face, shoulder, arms
Pain from the sternal area, neck, jaw, face, shoulder, arms may actually be from the?
Kidney pain refers to what area?

The flank or lumbar area, may radiate to inguinal area and genitals with renal calculi
Pain from the flank or lumbar area, may radiate to inguinal area and genitals with renal calculi may actually be from the?
Pancreatic pain refers to what area?

The left upper quadrant and epigastric area, may refer to left shoulder and back
Pain from the left upper quadrant and epigastric area, may refer to left shoulder and back may actually be because of?
Splenic pain refers to what area?

The left upper quadrant, radiating to the left shoulder with splenic rupture
Pain from the left upper quadrant, radiating to the left shoulder with splenic rupture may actually be from the?
When measuring distention of the abdomen you should?

Use a tape measure
Mark the placement of the tape measure on both side of the abdomen so that subsequent nurse assessments can be done at the same site.

Trending of measurement is important to document increase or decrease in distention

Must be measured at the same site to be accurate
When measuring distention of the abdomen you should?
Trending of measurement is important because?

It documents increase or decrease in distention
Documenting increase or decrease in distention of the abdomen is called?
Descriptive terms used to document Bowel sounds are?


• Absent
• Hypoactive
• hyperactive
Descriptive terms used to document Bowel sounds are?
The absence of bowel sounds are when?

No bowel sounds heard in 3-5 minutes

Indicates cessation of intestinal motility

Normal immediately post-op (may persist for several days depending upon the type of surgery)

But, may indicate that the the patient has some sort of pathology of the bowels

Obstruction
The absence of bowel sounds are when?
The absence of bowel sounds may indicate?

Indicates cessation of
intestinal motility

Normal immediately post-op

pathology of the bowels

Obstruction
The absence of bowel sounds may indicate?
What are bowel sounds?


Irregular gurgling noises occurring about every 5 to 20 seconds

“stomach growling” sounds
What are bowel sounds?
Extremely soft in infrequent bowel sounds indicate sounds like?

Extremely soft in infrequent

Indicate decreased bowel motility

May be caused by inflammation or developing paralytic ileus
Extremely soft in infrequent bowel sounds indicate what type of bowel?
Extremely soft in infrequent bowel sounds indicate a?

Indicate decreased bowel motility

May be caused by inflammation or developing paralytic ileus
Indicate decreased bowel motility

The inflammation or developing paralytic ileus may cause what type of bowel sounds?
Hyperactive bowels sound like?

High-pitched, loud, rushing sounds

Indicate increased GI motility

May be caused by diarrhea, early bowel obstruction, or use of laxatives
High-pitched, loud, rushing bowel sounds are called?
High-pitched, loud, rushing sounds may indicate a?

Hyperactive bowel

Indicate increased GI motility

May be caused by diarrhea, early bowel obstruction, or use of laxatives
Increased GI motility, diarrhea, early bowel obstruction, or use of laxatives are indications of?
Documenting normal abdominal findings?


Bowel sounds X 4

Abd soft with no distention
Documenting normal abdominal findings?
Contraindications to percussion/palpation are?


Pulsating abdominal mass

Appendicitis

Transplanted organs

Enlarged spleen

Polycystic kidneys

Malignancies
Pulsating abdominal mass,
Appendicitis, Transplanted organs, Enlarged spleen,
Polycystic kidneys, & malignancies are all contraindications of what assessment methods?

percussion & palpation
The two easiest assessments using percussion for the abdomen are?

Liver borders if the liver is distended

Gastric bubble
The two easiest assessments using percussion for the abdomen are?