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15 Cards in this Set

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Report
used to simply convey information about a subject.
Unsupported assertions
statements about what a speaker or writer happens to believe.
Conditional statement
if-then statement. if-antecedent; then- consequent
Illustrations
intended to provide an example of a claim, rather than prove it.
Explanations
tries to show why something is the case, not to prove that it is the case.
Deductive argument
proves conclusion with rigorous, inescapable logic.
Inductive argument
tries to show that the conclusion is plausible, likely, or probable.
Hypothetical syllogism
three-line argument using if-then statements;
chain argument, modus tollens, modus pollens, denying the antecedent, affirming the consequent
Catagorical Syllogism
three-line argument beginning with all, some, or no.
Argument by elimination
seeks to logically rule out various possibilities until only a single possibility remains.
Predictive argument
prediction defined with reasons.
Argument from authority
asserts a claim and then supports it by citing presumed authority or witness claiming its true.
Casual arguement
asserts or denies that something is the cause of something else.
Valid deductive argument
it is impossible for all the premises to be true and the conclusion to be false.
Strong inductive arguement
conclusion follows probably from the premises.