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19 Cards in this Set

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Jainism
6th century BC, started revolt against early Hindu practices, especiallly animal sacrifice.
Ahimsa
Non-violence to all living things.
Education
Strong emphasis on education.
Influence on Indians
Though few in number, Jainists have influence on other Indians.
Jaina (“victor”)
Religious teacher who proclaimed himself prophet of the new religion.
Jainist Vow
Vow to not kill, lie, or steal.
Mahavira (“great hero”)
Alternate name for Jaina
Vegetarianism
Very strict vegetarians.
Nat Worship
a form of Animism.
Nat
Spirit of trees, rain or natural objects
Offerings
Made to nat for protection.
Rituals
Performed in front of shrines with image of nat.
Shinto
Native religion of Japan, Animism & Nature Worship.
Kami
Spirit in all living & non-living objects.

Invokes awe, mystery & incomprehension, extraordinary powers.
Lack of Doctrine
No founder, scripture, or organized doctrine.
Postwar Japan
American occupation splits gov and Shinto.
Emperor not a god.
Shinto loses support being linked with war.
1947 marks freedom of religion. Shrines privately supported.
Shinto
“way of the kami”.
State Shinto (1868-1945)
Sole religion of gov and schools.
Emperor was high priest.
Shinto ceremonies compulsary to arrouse patriotic fervor.
Shinto shrines & priests supported w/ gov money.
Tori
Gateway to a Shinto shrine.