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18 Cards in this Set

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Islam
Conflict with western ideas & values. From India.
Ayatollah
Highest level of Shiite religious leader.
Five Pillars
Witness; Prayer; Alms: Fasting; Pilgrimage.
Hadith
Written form of saying and traditions of Muhammad.

Consist of words; deeds; interpretations concerning all aspects of life.
Imam
Shiite religious leader
Indonesia
90% Muslim!
Koran (Qur’an)
Holy book of Islam, revealed to Muhammad by God.

“the reading”
Malaysia
Over 50% Muslim.
Pillar I: Witness
I bear witness that there is no God but Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of God.
Pillar II: Prayer
Five times a day, facing Mecca.
Mosque, minaret.
Friday
Pillar III: Alms
Charity given to poor.
Pillar IV: Fasting
Ramadan (9th month) No food/drink from sunrise to sunset.
Pillar V: Pilgrimage
Made to Mecca in 12th month.
Priesthood or clergy
There is NO priesthood or clergy
Sects of Islam
Main sects are Sunni; Shiite.
Shari’ah
Body of Islamic law, source for deliberating and litigation.

Based on Koran and Sunnah of Muhammad.
Sunnah
Means habit, practice, action.

Denotes Muhammad’s practices, habits & sayings.
Ulema
Experts in Islamic law & teaching