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25 Cards in this Set

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Hinduism
Religion of 80% Indian population.
Atman
Human soul.
Bhagavad-Gita
Part of Mahabharata, teaches that one must follow his dharma; and soul never dies.

“Song of the Lord”
Brahma
God of Creation

4 heads show intelligence & represent 4 quarters of earth.
Brahman (Absolute)
Totality of all existence, including all human souls (atman).

Humans can only be directed to Brahman by other gods.
Caste system
Hereditary class system.

Common to all Hindus.
Restricts occupations.
Cow
Sacred symbol of motherhood & fruitfulness.

Common to all Hindus.
Deities (gods)
Polytheistic w/ elements of monotheism.
Dharma
Sacred duty or moral behavior specific to one’s caste.
Earthly Desires
Earthly desires bring pain & suffering.
Ganges River
Sacred river, flows from goddess Ganga.
Hinduism’s Diversity
No founder.
No universal belief system.
No natn’l leaders.
Hindu Worship
Centers around family, usually in home rather than temple.
Recitation of prayer.

Upper castes have Brahmin priests conduct rites.
Image of Deity
In Hindu Worship, image is bathed, incensed, given food.

Deity eats essence of food offering, leaving material to be eaten or given to poor.
Karma
Record of actions in present life.
Cannot escape results of actions

Good karma results in rebirth at higher level.
Mahabharata
Epic poem w/ many basic Hindu ideas.
Moksha
Occurs when soul is freed from earthly desires and purified.
Nature of the World
World is an illusion.
Ramayana (Rama’s Way)
Epic poem w/ Hindu teachings about loyalty & devotuion.

Main characters are models of correct behavior.
Reincarnation
Rebirth of soul (atman) into another living creature or caste.
Reincarnation’s Goal
Freedom from cycle of death & rebirth, union with Brahman.
Shiva
God of Destruction. Destroys world to prep new creation.

Portrayed as Lord of Dance.
Upanish
Philosophical works about nature of universe and soul.

Common to all Hindus.
Vedas
Collection of sacred psalms, prayers, chants.

Common to all Hindus.
Divinely revealed knowledge.
Vishnu
God of Preservation of Life. Works for welfare of world.

Changes to human & animal forms:Rama & Krishna.