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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The most common religion. From India & China
Non-injury to all living things.
Amida the Bodhisattva
In Jodo Budd., The Deity of Infinite Light who brings those who ask to Western Paradise or Pure Land.
In Mahayana Budd., a being that compassionately refrains from entering nirvana in order to save others.
“Enlightened One”, what Siddhartha Gautama became.
Buddhism’s Goal
Break cycle of rebirth by not longing for earthly pleasures.
Four Noble Truths
Suffering is universal.
Suffering is caused by desire.
Way to end suffering is to crush desire.
Way to end desire is to follow Noble Eightfold Path.
Hinduism’s Influence
Accepted Hindu beliefs of karma & reincarnation.

Rejected caste system.
Denied existence of gods.
Not concerned w/ ceremony.
Honen (1133-1212)
Wandering preacher of Jodo Buddhism.
India and Buddhism
Buddhims is eventually absorbed by Hinduism.
Jodo Buddhism (Pure Land Sect)
Enlightenment thru faith and intervention of bodhisattva Amida.
Paradoxical problem that can’t be logically solved (what is sound of one hand clapping?).

Tension caused by meditating on koan can lead to burst of spiritual insight.
Lotus Sutra
Major work of Tendai Buddhism.
Mahayana Buddhism
Buddha is a god.
Nirvana achieved by anyone.
Elaborate rituals with sutras.
Worship of many gods.

Spread to China; Tibet; Japan; Korea.
Middle Way
Moderation in all things.
Many young men ages 12-20, some remain monks for life.
Namu Amida Butsu
“Hail Amida Buddha”. Repeating this and living morally will casue Amida to bring you to Pure Land.
Nara Buddhism
At first limited to upper classes.
Later spread by linking Shinto & Budd. deities; adding purification and other ceremonies.

Used Chinese language, rites, costumes, architecture.
A religious experience of tranquility and bliss.
Noble Eightfold Path
A practical guide to right conduct:
Right action, right speech, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration, right views, right intention.
Noble Eightfold Path’s Goal
Person desires nothing and achieves nirvana.
Oral Teaching
Buddha’s teaching originally passed down orally.
Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BC)
Born Hindu of Kshatriya caste, father ruled small kingdom.
Suddenly exposed to suffering (old man, sick person, corpse, religious beggar).
49 days meditating under fig tree, becomes enlightened.
Travels/preaches, forms communities, monks spread his words.
Scriptures in Mahayana Buddhism
Tenda Buddhism
Combined message of Buddha into single set of teachings.

2 offshoots: Jodo; Zen.
Theravada Buddhism (Hinayana)
Buddha is not a god.
Only a few monks get nirvana.
Salvation of soul more important than problems of outside world.

Spread to Sri Lanka; Burma (Myanmar); Thailand.
Three Baskets of Wisdom (c. 100 BC)
First written form of Buddha’s teachings.
In Zen Buddhism, meditation in Lotus position.
Zen Buddhism
Emphasis on self-reliance.
Few achieve nirvana (satori).

Popular w/ Samurai.
Zen Buddhism’s Daily Life
Strict, long days of manual labor, begging for food, spiritual training, renounce physical possesions.
Zen Buddhism’s Goal
Achieve satori, achieved by one’s own effort thru meditation.