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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the bones of the neck are ...
cervical vertebrae 1-7
the typical vertebrae are ...
c3-c6
identify the structures in the red boxes
(see figure)
what type of a joint is this
facet joint
what are the atypical cervical vertebrae?
C1, C2, & C7
what is another name for C1?
atlas
C1 articulates with ... and has no body or ...

embryologically the body became the ... of C2
occipital bone
spinous process
dens (odontoid process)
identify the labeled structures 1-6

and what bone is this?
1. Superior articular
facet
2. Transverse foramen
3. Transverse process
4. Anterior arch
5. Vertebral foramen
6. Inferior articular facet
C2 is also known as ...
axis
the articulation with C1 and C2 is what kind of a joint?
pivot joint
C7 is also know as ...
and has a long ... that (is/not) bifid and a small transverse foramen
vertebra prominens
spinous process
not
which vertebrae does not have the vertebral artery passing through its transverse process?
C7
identify the labeled structures:
see figure
identify the vertebrae

what is going on here?
C2
fracture through C2 pedicle
the investing compartment of the superficial neck contains what 2 muscles?
sternocleidomastoid
trapezius
the Pretracheal (encloses “visceral”) compartment contains:
a.
b.
c.
d.
a. infrahyoid mm.
b. thyroid
c. trachea
d. esophagus
identify the 2 compartments:
(see figure)
identify the labeled regions:
(see figure)
the ... compartment contains:
a. vertebral column
b. deep mm. around vertebral column
c. blends with axillary sheath laterally
Prevertebral
what are the three major fascial layers in the neck contribute to the carotid sheath:
1.
2.
3.
1. investing compartment/fascia
2. pretracheal fascia
3. prevertebral fascia
the retropharyngeal space is a
(real/potential) space and it permits movement of:
1.
2.
3.
4.
during swallowing
pharynx
esophagus
larynx
trachea
the retropharyngeal space lies between ... and ...
pretracheal fascia
prevertebral fascia
what is the function of the platysma ... and what nerve is it innervated by ...
muscle of facial expression
CN7
what is the function of the trapezius ...
shrug shoulders
what are the borders of the posterior triangle of the neck:
clavicle
trapezius
sternocleidomastoid
what are the borders of the carotid triangle:
sternocleidomastoid
posterior belly of digastric
superior belly of omohyoid
what are the borders of the submandibular triangle:
mandible
posterior belly of digastric
anterior belly of digastric
what are the borders of the submental triangle:
anterior belly of digastric (x2)
hyoid bone
what are the borders of the muscular triangle:
superior belly of omohyoid
sternocleidomastoid
midline of neck
identify the labeled triangles of the neck
(see figure)
the vertebral artery originates from ... and goes through the ... C1-C6 (not C7) to the ...
subclavian artery
transverse foramina
Foramen magnum
the common carotid artery comes from:
1.
2.
1. Right: brachiocephalic trunk
2. Left: aortic arch
identify the labeled structures:
a-f
a. subclavian artery
b. brachiocephallic trunk
c. right common carotid artery
d. left common carotid artery
e. subclavian artery
f. vertebral artery
the internal carotid enters the skull through the ... and has all branches in the skull and no branches in the ...
carotid canal
neck
the external carotid has all it's branches ... the skull
outside
external carotid branches are:
a.
b.
c.
a. Superior thyroid a: larynx & thyroid
b. Lingual a: tongue
c. Facial a: face
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
a. vertebral artery
b. common carotid (from right subclavian)
c. external carotid
external carotid has 2 terminal branches:
1.
2.
a. Superficial temporal a.
b. Maxillary a.
the maxillary artery has 3 important branches:
1.
2.
3.
1. middle meningeal
2. inferior alveolar
3. muscular
identify the labeled branches of the external carotid artery:
a-f
a. superficial temporal
b. external carotid
c. maxillary artery
d. inferior alveolar
e. middle meningeal
f. pterygomaxillary fissure
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
a. zygomatic arch
b. pterion
identify the labeled veins:
(see figure)
identify the labeled structures:
* st--superficial temporal
* rm--retromandibular vein
* m--maxillary vein
* ad--anterior division
* f--facial
* cf--common facial
* pd--posterior division
* pa--posterior auricular
* ej--external jugular
what are the sensory nerves in the neck:
1.
2.
3.
4.
1. lesser occipital
2. great auricular
3. transverse cervical
4. supraclavicular
what are the motor nerves in the neck and what do they innervate:
1.
2.
3.
accessory (CN XI)
trapezius
sternocleidomastoid
cervical plexus is formed from cervical vertebral nerves ... and give rise to the sensory nerves in the neck which are:
1.
2.
3.
4.
C1-C4
1. lesser occipital
2. great auricular
3. transverse cervical
4. supraclavicular