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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
name the foramina in roof of the medulla that connect the ventricles with the subarachnoidal space
Luschka x 2
Magendie x 1
what foramina drains the fourth ventricle laterally into the subarachnoidal space
the 2 foramen of Luschka
what drains the fourth ventricle posteroinferiorly into cerebellomedullary cistern
Magendie's foramen
ventricle circulation starts from the 2 ... that are found in the ... then through the ... to the ... to the ... then off to the ...
lateral ventricles
cerebral hemispheres
interventricular foramina (right & left)
Third ventricle (midline; thalamus)
cerebral aqueduct (midbrain)
fourth ventricle (pons & medulla)
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
a. lateral ventricle
b. lateral ventricle
c. third ventricle
d. cerebral aqueduct
e. choroid plexus
f. fourth ventricle
hydrocephalus is ...
is an increase in the amount of cerebrospinal fluid
what are the 3 ways you can get a hydrocephalus condition:
1.
2.
3.
1. increase in production of cerebrospinal fluid
2. blockage in system
3. impaired absorption of cerebrospinal fluid
describe the obstructive classification of hydrocephalus:
obstruction within the ventricular system
describe the communicating classification of hydrocephalus:
obstruction in the subarachnoid space or venous sinuses
a. abnormal
b. normal
identify the normal and abnormal brains:
a.
b.
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
a. superior longitudinal venous sinus (superior sagittal)
b. cerebrum
c. cerebellum
d. arachnoid mater
e. subarachnoid space
f. lateral venous sinus
(bonus question: so where is the inferior sagittal sinus)
a. cavernous sinus
b. superior sagittal
c. inferior sagittal
d. straight
e. sigmoid
f. transverse
g. confluens
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
a. superior sagittal
b. great cerebral vein
c. opthalmic vein
d. facial vein
e. cavernous sinus
f. inferior petrosal
g. internal jugular v.
h. sigmoid
i. superior petrosal
j. transverse
k. straight
l. inferior sagittal
m. confluens
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
c. sigmoid
e. confluens
g. transverse
h. superior petrosal
i. inferior petrosal
j. cavernous
k. superior sagittal
identify the labeled structures:
c.
e.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
the medial angle of the eye, the nose and the lips is known as the ... this area usually drains through the ... but due to ... venous blood may go, via the ophthalmic vein, to the ... this can lead to damage of the ... running through the cavernous sinus.
danger triangle of the face
facial vein
anastomoses
cavernous sinus
nerves
arteries at the base of the brain supply all parts of the brain. there are 2 sources:
1.
2.
1. Vertebral aa.
2. Internal carotid aa.
the vertebral arteries originate from the ... then they travel through the ... of C1-... but not ... they then join to form the ... artery at the ... and the ... artery ends and bifurcates into the 2 ... arteries
subclavian artery
transverse foramina
c6
c7
basilar artery
pons
basilar artery
2 posterior cerebral arteries
the internal carotid arteries originate from ... and run up through the ... and partially through ... it branches into ... and ... and continues laterally as ...
common carotid artery
carotid canal
Foramen lacerum
anterior cerebral
posterior communicating
middle cerebral artery
a. anterior communicating artery
b. cn2
c. middle cerebral artery
d. cn3
e. basilar artery
f. internal carotid artery
g. posterior communicating artery
h. posterior cerebral artery
i. superior cerebellar artery
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
berry
anterior
circle of willis
anterior communicating
posterior communicating
middle cerebral
... aneurysms occur mostly in the ... part of the ... at branch points of ... and ... and ...
a. vertebral artery
b. anterior spinal artery
c. posterior spinal artery
d. posterior inferior cerebellar artery
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
d.
identify the labeled structures:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
1. vertebral a.
2. ant inf cerebellar a.
3. basilar a.
4. sup cerebellar a.
5. post cerebral a.
6. post comm. a.
7. middle cerebral a.
8. internal carotid a.
9. ophthalmic a.
10. ant. cerebral a.
11. ant. comm. a.