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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. supremacy of national interests and supremacy (economic, military, colonial)
2. right of an individual group to exercise home rule
the battleground of European nationalist goals as well as a source of unrest by conquered people
growth of armed forces originating from 2 sources:
1. Necessitated by Napoleon’s war efforts and the desire for colonies
2. Facilitated by the industrial revolution
alliance system
twisted secret alliances, made countries suspicious of one another
Triple Entendre
G.G., France, Russia
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy (only until 1915)
oppositions to war
1. Americans didn’t want their sons to die in a foreign war
2. Socialists viewed the war as a function of economic elite sacrificing the interests of workers for personal gain
3. Black leaders argued that blacks would not fight for the oppressive Jim Crow U.S.
why support allies?
1. Germany was seen as the aggressor
2. U.S. was unwilling to attack British blockade to sell goods to Germany
3. German Attacks on Allied ships like the Lusitania in 1915 (128 Americans die)
4. Announcement of unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917
5. Interception of the Zimmermann note to Mexico
how do you fight war?
1. Raise an army
2. Let women help in non-combat support positions
3. Segregate the men
4. Convoy System designed to end U-boat threat
5. Mechanize your military
Selective Service Act
drafted unmarried men
War Industries Board
controlled allocation of resources necessary for war like steel
daylight savings time
adopted to conserve energy
War Bonds
issued so private citizens could contribute financially to the war effort. Seen as a kind of patriotic act.
Committee of Public Information
national propaganda machine designed to generate public support for the war
Espionage and Sedition Acts
silenced opposition
14 points
proposed by Wilson:
1. Open treaties
2. Freedom of seas
3. end or reduction of tariffs for free trade
4. armies consistent with domestic security
5-13. redrawing of European boundaries
14. creation of a League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles
punishes Germany
League of Nations
proposed by Wilson, rejected by US because of concerns over interference with national sovereignty