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50 Cards in this Set

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July 1914
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia

*US tries to stay neutral
May 1915
U-boat sinks the Lusitania

*US still tries to stay neutral, but support Britain's blockade of Germany
March 1916
German submarine torpedoed the Sussex - Sussex pledge

*US leaning towards Allies side
November 1916
Wilson wins the presidency again

*US citizens believed that Wilson would keep them out of war
February 1917
US broke off diplomatic relations w/ Germany & Zimmerman Note

*Moved US closer to war - Germany using Mexico
March 1917
Russian Revolution & Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare

*US ready to make the world safe for democracy
April 1917
Wilson signs war declaration

*US goes to war
May 1917
Congress passes a Selective Service Act

*authorize a draft, build army
June 1917
President Wilson sends a small force to Europe under the command if General John Pershing

*Allies stronger
March 3, 1918
Lenin signs a final peace treaty with Germany

*Germany made stronger
March 21, 1918
German forces attacked British lines

*Germany has ability to take Paris
November 11, 1918
German Republic signs an armistice

*war ends
mobilization
the readying of troops for war
Central Powers
Germany & Austria-Hungary
Allies
Russia, France, Serbia, & Great Britain
autocrat
a ruler with unlimited power
propaganda
info intended to sway public opinion
Franz Ferdinand
Archduke who was assassinated
militarism
the policy involving aggressively building up a nation's armed forces in preperation for war and giving the military more authority over gov't and foreign policy
Alliance System
a system of alliances in Europe that binded countries together
-Triple Entente
Imperialism
policy by a stronger nation to attempt to create an empire by dominating weaker nations economically, politically, culturally, or militarily
Nationalism
devotion to one's nation
neutrality
not taking sides in a conflict or dispute
Preparedness
America was ready in case it had to aid Great Britain
Sussex Pledge
pledge by the German gov't in 1916 that its subs would warn ships before attacking
Jeannette Rankin
first woman elected to Congress - voted no against war
Selective Service Act
law passed in 1917 authorizing a draft of young men for military service in WWI
AEF
name given to American troops in Europe in WWI
convoy
gourp of unarmed ships surrounded by a ring of armed naval vessels
armistice
a cease-fire or truce
genocide
organized killing of an entire people
zeppelin
a German floating airship
Liberty Bonds
special way bond sold by the gov't to support the Allied cause during WWI
price controls
system of pricing determined by the gov't
sedition
speech or act that encourages rebellion
Espionage Act
1917-made it illegal to interfere with the draft
rationing
distribution of goods to consumers in a fixed amount
War Industries Board
oversaw the nation's war-related production
George Creel
head of the Commitee on Public Information
Food Administration
worked to increase farm output and reduce waste
Herbert Hoover
31st President; worked to aid Europeans in WWI
Eugene V. Debs
Socialist that drew a 10 year jail sentence for criticizing the American gov't
Fourteen Points
President Wilson's proposal in 1918 for a postwar
self-determination
the power to make decisions about one's own future
spoils
rewards gained through military victory
League of Nations
international organization formed after WWI that aimed to ensure the security and peace for all its members
reparations
payment from an enemy for economic injury suffered during a war
Versailles Treaty
1919 treaty that ended WWI
Henry Cabot Lodge
Mass senator of early 1900s; supported US imperialism
Warren G. Harding
29th President; presided over a short administration marked by corruption