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20 Cards in this Set

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The Altimatum
Austrians supported by Germany send Serbia one. They have 48 Hours to decide. They agree to all but two. Russia mobilizes her tropps to support Serbia. Germany demands that Russia stop thier troops (6-7 million men) but Russia says no. Germany declares war on Russia. July 28, 1914.
Why did Britian get involved?
Britain had Ententes with France and Russia. Only friendly agreements but French and Russians given an impression that Britain would fight. The Schlieffen Plan.
Count Berchtold
Austrian Prime Minister, Gave ultimatum to Serbia.
Militarism
Germany was competing with the UK to build battleships. The British feared an attack on thier Empire. Germany was competing with Russia and France to expand their armies.
Alliances
By 1914 all the major powers were linked by a system of alliances. The alliances made it more likely that a war would start. Once stated the alliances made if more likely to spread.
Nationalisim
This was an age when all nations wanted to assert thier power and independance. In Europe, Slavs, aided by Serbia and Russia, wanted to be free of Austrian rule.
Causes of WW1
M- Militarism
A- Alliances
Bethmann Hollweg
German Prime Minister- Gave very strong support to Austria during the July crisis while Kaiser was cruising on his yacht.
Militarism
Germany was competing with the UK to build battleships. The British feared an attack on thier Empire.
Imperialisim
All the great powers were competing for colonies and territory. The British feared Germany in Africa. The Austrians feared Serbia/ Russia in Balkans. All wanted same land... Bigger= Better.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Built up German army and navy. Aggressive foreign policy. Determined to make Germany top nation. Distrusted by other powers.
Britians Reaction
Britain had signed a treaty to protect Belgium. Scared of Germany controlling Channel ports.
Causes of WW1
M- Militarism
The Schlieffen Plan
Germany's miliatary plan to defeat France and Russia. "Knock out Blow" aimed at Franec first. Avoid French defences by invasion of Belgium. Germans thought Britain woudl not intervene.
The Break Down of Declarations of War:
Austria on Serbia
Russia Mobilizes Troops
Germany on Russia (Dec)
Germany on France
Germany into Beligum
Great Britin on Germany.
AUGUST 4 1914
The Crisis 1
28 June 1914- Heir to Austrian throne Franz Ferdinand visits Sarajevo.
Why did Germany also declare war on France?
because they stood in thier way for war. Germany thought that if they could clear out France first, then they could devote all of thier time to war with Russia.
Black Hand
Terroriests attack the Arch Duke
Causes of WW1
M- Militarism
A- Alliances
I- Imperialism
N- Nationalisim
S- Significant Individuals
Black Hand
Terroriests attack the Arch Duke. Bomb attempt fails in morning. Gavrilo Princip shoots Archduke and wife in afternoon. Austrians blame Serbia for supporting terrorists.