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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
"Must" refers to what?
Grape Juice
What is "Powdery Mildew" (Oidium)
A fungus that reached Europe from North America in 1850, it leaves a white deposit on new growth and developing grapes which split and shrivel. It can be controlled wiht Sulfur.
What is "downy Mildew" (Peronospera)
A fungus which first appeared in Europe in 1878 and thrives in damp humid conditions. It causes transparent patches in leaves and will destroy grapes.
What is "grey rot" (Pourriture grise)
A fungus called Botrytis Cinere that attacks the vine in humid conditions covering leaves and grapes with grey mould.
What is noble rot?
When humid conditions in the morning are followed by dry afternoons, the result is shriveled grapes high in sugars.
How do you control fermentation?
Kill the wild yeasts with sulfur and/or control the temperature of the fermentation.
What does the term "racking" mean?
Yeast settles to the bottom of the bottle and is called lees. The new wine is drawn from the lees into a clean vessel.
What are the two categories of French wine?
Table wine and QWPSR "Quality Wine Produced in a Specific Region"
What are the two categories of French Quality Wine?
VDQS is the lower category. AC or Appellation d'Origine Controlee is the highest category.
What is the predominant grape of Medoc and Graves?
Cabernet Sauvignon
What is the predominant grape of St-Emilion and Pomerol?
Merlot
What are wine regions of France, beginning with Bordeaux and moving clockwise?
Bordeaux, Loire, Champagne, Alsace, Burgundy, Rhone, Provence, Languedoc-Roussillon
From North to South, what are the wine regions of Burgundy?
Chablis, Cote d'Or, Cote Chalonnaise, Maconnais and Beaujolais
In what region is Muscadet grown? and Minervois?
Loire, Languedoc-Roussillon
What grape variety is used to make AC Vouvray?
Chenin Blanc
What style of wine is most AC Chateauneuf-du-Pape?
Full bodied red
Vinho verde is produced in what region?
Portugal
What are the main wine regions of Spain and Portugal (clockwise from Rioja)
Rioja, Penedes, Valencia, La Mancha, Montilla-Moriles, Vinho Verde, Douro, and Ribera Del Deuro (65)
What are the two classifications of German Table Wine?
Deutscher Tafelwein and Deutscher Landwein.
What are the two designations of German Quality wine?
QbA and QmP, each of which are divided into Bereiche
What are the main wine regions of Germany?
Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, Mittelrhein, Rheingau, Nahe, Rheinhessen, Pfalz, Wurttemberg and Baden (70)
What American grape species proved resistant to Phylloxera?
Vitis Rupestris
What is the name of the best soil in the Duoro Valley?
Schist
What is Degorgement?
In the production of champagne, it is the removal of lees done by passing the neck through a freezing solution.
What is the three soil types and what is the best for Sherry production?
Albariza is rich in chalk and the best for sherr. Barro and Arena are rich in clay and sand and are used to contribute sweetness.
What are the five processes involved in making beer?
1) Conversion
2) Extraction
3) Flavouring
4) Fermentation
5) Conditioning
What does the term "bitters" refer to?
It refers to spirits flavored with barks, herbs and roots which are always bitter on the palate.