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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name the four ways of making sparkling wine
The traditional method (champagne method), Tank Method(cuve close or Charmot method) Transfer Method, and Injection method (91)
In the traditional champagne method, where does the second fermentation take place?
In the bottle (91)
In the transfer method, how is the sediment produced by the second fermentation removed from the bottle?
The bottles are disgorged into a pressurised tank. The sediment is filtered out and liquer d'expedition added. the wine is then re-bottled, still under pressure (92-93)
a) What is Cava?
b) How is it made?
a) Cava is a Spanish sparkling wine. Most Cava is produced in the region of Penedés in Catalonia (Cataluña).
b)the Traditional method (94)
Dom Perignon is credited with developing two techniques. What are they?
Dom Perignon is thought to be the first person in Champagne to exploit the idea of trapping fermentation gas in wine. He also developed the system of blending together wines from different parts of Champagne to form different varieties (98)
Name the three vine varieties in Champagne.
Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier and Chardonnay (97)
Name the three vineyard districts in Champagne.
Montagne de Reims
Vallée de la Marne
Côte de Blancs (97)
What is remuage?
Remuage is the method used to move the sediment produced by second fermentation down the neck of the bottle towards the cork (98)
What is the minimum ageing period for a vintage Champagne?
three years (98)
Name three well-known liqueur wines?
The most important liqueur wines are: Port, Sherry, Madeira and Vermouth. Vermouth is also an aromatised wine. (101)
Where is Sherry made?
Sherry is made in south-west Spain around the town of Jerez de la Frontera. (102)
What is the most important grape variety used to make sherry?
Palomino (103)
a) what is flor?
b) what does it do?
a)Flor is a yeast that grows on the surface of Fino wines and looks like whitish film
b) It produces the distinctive dry yeasty nose and flavour of light dry sherries (102)
Which classification of Sherry oxidises as it matures?
Oloroso (104)
Name the three parts of the solera system.
Solera (105)
List the four styles of Sherry produced from the Fino classification
Fino, Manzanilla, Amontillado, Pale Cream (105, 106)
Where in Portugal are the grapes grown for making Port wine?
The Upper Duoro Valley which starts 45 miles inland from the coastal town of Oporto and stretches toward the Spanish frontier (107)
Which type of Port matures for more than eight years in cask?
Tawny Port (108)
Describe the style of a ruby port
Ruby Port is rich ruby color, very fruity and sweet. (108)
Does a late bottled Vintage Port normally need decanting?
No. A late bottled Vintage Port does not usually need decanting (109)
Where is Madeira?
Madeira is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, 350 miles west of Morocco (111)
What is the estufagem process?
Estufagem, or the estufa system is the process of slowly heating young Madeira wine to a temp of 40c-50c holding the wine at this temp and then slowly cooling the wine, giving Madeira its traditional burnt taset (111)
What is Chambéry?
Chambéry is an AC French vermouth made in the mountains of Savoie and flavored with alpine herbs. (112)
Where is Marsala made?
Sicily (112)