• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/34

Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Is rum terroir driven?
To a small extent. There is some impact on sugar levels and flavor.
How is sugar cane harvested?
Either mechanically or hand-cut. Key issue is getting stalks to the mill asap because sugar levels start to drop after harvest.
How is molasses obtained?
Sugar cane is crushed, juice extracted and syrup procured. It is boiled until sugar crystals form. They are removed and molasses is thick black residue that is left.
Is molasses the only material rum is made from?
No. Some producers use the original sugar cane syrup or the stalks themselves.
Why does molasses have to be diluted before it can ferment?
It is so highly concentrated in sugars no yeast could live in it unless diluted.
How does molasses dilution affect final rum?
The more diluted, the lower the sugar content and the lighter the rum.
How does the length of fermentation affect rum?
Shorter the fermentation generally the lighter the rum. Varying this and dilution levels can result in many different styles.
Explain distillation of light rums (related to body not color).
All are distilled in column stills and normally from wash that has been fermented for ~24hours.
What kind of still is used to distill light rum?
Several kinds of column stills - single column, Coffey or most commonly multiple linked columns
Why would rum be made in a pot still instead of a column still?
Traditionally it was the only way. Now they produce heavier rums for a market stimulated by whiskies and bourbons and to give weight to rum blends.
Are white rums aged in wood?
No. Bacardi does age in wood then filters the color out, however.
What is tropical aging?
A condition caused by high humid temperatures in the Caribbean. Accelerates aging. 1 yr of tropical aging = 3 yrs maturation in Scotland. The rum is also pulled farther into the oak so it has higher levels of oak extraction and at an earlier age.
What kind of barrels are a majority of rum aged in?
Vast majority are aged in American oak barrels sourced from the bourbon industry. Rhum agricole prefers cognac barrels.
Write a short paragraph about Bacardi.
World's best selling rum. Benchmark for the light rum style. Molasses. Linked columns. Aged 1-2 yrs oak then color filtered out. Blended after aging.
What is the general style of Trinidad rum?
Lighter. Its industry dominated by Angostura - for bitters and rum. Molasses.
What is the general style of Barbados rum?
Historically the first major rum producer. Wide range. Mt Gay mixes pot and column. West Indies Rum Distillery mass produces for Malibu. Foursquare ultra modern hi tech.
What is the general style of Guyana rum?
Long been base for UK Navy blends. El Dorado is growing. Demerara Distillers Ltd DDL produces widest range of marks in world. Wooden framed Coffey still. Demerara is heaviest and most powerful rum in world.
Write a paragraph on Demerara rum.
Named after river. Pot stills made of greenheart wood with copper necks. Have single and double pots in sequence then a retort. Results in a deep powerful rum with aromas of banana and overripe fruit.
What is the general style of Jamaican rum?
Rivals Guyana for breadth of style. Appleton Estate is benchmark.
What differentiates Jamaican rum from Demerera?
Pot still rums are graded by concentration of esters and have different names. The higher the esters the longer the ferment. Dunder is added to fermenter for higher ester rums.
What is dunder?
It starts as acidic residue left in bottom of still. It is then put into outside pits and allowed to fester to further boost acids. Then added to fermenting higher ester rums.
Are Jamaican rums processed only in stills?
No. Wash is run through pot/retort system to create complex flavors.
What is Rhum Agricole?
Style from French West Indies made from cane juice. Made when French started using beet sugar instead of FWI sugar cane. Since they had no molasses, started working directly with juice.
What is bagasse?
Dry fibers of Rhum Agricole cane after juice is extracted.
What is vesou?
Wash that is end result of fermentation of Rhum Agricole. 4.5-9% abv. Essentially a sugar cane juice wine.
What kind of still is used to produce Rhum Agricole?
Single column still similar to Armagnac. Produces lower strength. By law 65-75% abv.
What is ambre or paille?
Rhum Agricole aged a min of 18 months in cask
What is vieux?
Rhum Agricole aged a min of 3 years in cask
What are labeling standards related to age of rhum agricole?
Blanc (unaged), ambre or paille (min 18 mos in cask), vieux (min 3 yrs in cask), or vintage.
What is Rhum Industrielle?
French West Indies rum made with molasses.
What is second largest rum brand in world?
Tanduay from the Philippines.
What is cachaca?
Brazilian 'rum' made with sugar cane juice.
What styles of cachaca are there?
Traditional - pot and single column still at lower strength and more vegetal. Modern - multiple column still, higher strength, filtered to be more neutral like vodka
Can they add sugar to Cachaca?
Yes, up to 6g/l to calm down the edgy spirit.